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Normative Data of the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 1 Year Age Groups of Male Soccer Players


Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Matos, Bruno; Clemente, Filipe Manuel; Bezerra, Pedro; Camões, Miguel; Rosemann, Thomas; Knechtle, Beat (2018). Normative Data of the Wingate Anaerobic Test in 1 Year Age Groups of Male Soccer Players. Frontiers in Physiology, 9:1619.

Abstract

The Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT) has been used extensively to evaluate performance in soccer, however, a comprehensive sport-specific normative database has not been available so far. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to develop norms of the main indices of the WAnT with regards to age in soccer. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship of WAnT with two common field tests, 20 m sprint and vertical jump, and study the variation of this relationship by age and playing position. Hundred and ninety five male soccer players (age 18.1 ± 4.9 years) performed the WAnT, and a sub-sample of 190 soccer players (age 19.4 ± 5.1 years) performed 20 m sprint, squat (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ). Age was related very largely with peak power ( = 0.57) and mean power of the WAnT ( = 0.60) when they were expressed in W, and largely ( = 0.41 and = 0.33, respectively) when they were expressed in W.kg, whereas it did not relate with fatigue index. After being adjusted for age, a relationship of SJ ( = 3.91, 90% CI: 2.49, 5.32; = 0.26), CMJ ( = 3.59, 90% CI: 2.22, 4.95; = 0.24) and 20 m sprint ( = -0.06, 90% CI: -0.10; -0.01; = 0.19) with peak power of the WanT was observed. In summary, P and P were related very largely to age, especially during adolescence, and percentile norms of these indices were developed for 1-year age groups from 11 to 21 years old and for a single adult age group (22-39 years old). These findings on the largest dataset of soccer players ever studied would be expected to offer a practical tool to the members of the sports medicine team (e.g., exercise physiologists, fitness trainers, and coaches) working with them.

Abstract

The Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT) has been used extensively to evaluate performance in soccer, however, a comprehensive sport-specific normative database has not been available so far. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to develop norms of the main indices of the WAnT with regards to age in soccer. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship of WAnT with two common field tests, 20 m sprint and vertical jump, and study the variation of this relationship by age and playing position. Hundred and ninety five male soccer players (age 18.1 ± 4.9 years) performed the WAnT, and a sub-sample of 190 soccer players (age 19.4 ± 5.1 years) performed 20 m sprint, squat (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ). Age was related very largely with peak power ( = 0.57) and mean power of the WAnT ( = 0.60) when they were expressed in W, and largely ( = 0.41 and = 0.33, respectively) when they were expressed in W.kg, whereas it did not relate with fatigue index. After being adjusted for age, a relationship of SJ ( = 3.91, 90% CI: 2.49, 5.32; = 0.26), CMJ ( = 3.59, 90% CI: 2.22, 4.95; = 0.24) and 20 m sprint ( = -0.06, 90% CI: -0.10; -0.01; = 0.19) with peak power of the WanT was observed. In summary, P and P were related very largely to age, especially during adolescence, and percentile norms of these indices were developed for 1-year age groups from 11 to 21 years old and for a single adult age group (22-39 years old). These findings on the largest dataset of soccer players ever studied would be expected to offer a practical tool to the members of the sports medicine team (e.g., exercise physiologists, fitness trainers, and coaches) working with them.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:27 Feb 2019 15:29
Last Modified:27 Feb 2019 15:29
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-042X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01619
PubMed ID:30498457

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