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Older recreational cross-country skiers adopt more even pacing strategies than their younger counterparts of similar performance level


Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Villiger, Elias; Knechtle, Beat (2019). Older recreational cross-country skiers adopt more even pacing strategies than their younger counterparts of similar performance level. Research in Sports Medicine, 27(3):365-373.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the performance× age interaction on pacing in cross-country (XC) skiing. We analyzed all finishers (n = 79,722) who competed in "Vasaloppet" from 2012 to 2017 grouped in performance quartiles according to their race time with Q1 as the fastest and Q4 as the slowest. Women (44.1 ± 10.2%) had larger pace range than men (40.9 ± 11.8%; p < 0.001, η = 0.014). The pace range ranged from 29.8 ± 7.1% (Q1) to 49.0 ± 10.1% (Q4; p < 0.001, η = 0.179). In women and men, smaller differences in pace range among age groups for the faster performance groups were observed (p < 0.001, η = 0.014, η = 0.008, respectively). In summary, fast XC skiers adopted relatively even pacing independent of their age, and the older XC skiers adopted more even pacing than their younger counterparts of similar performance level suggesting that differences among age groups are performance-dependent.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the performance× age interaction on pacing in cross-country (XC) skiing. We analyzed all finishers (n = 79,722) who competed in "Vasaloppet" from 2012 to 2017 grouped in performance quartiles according to their race time with Q1 as the fastest and Q4 as the slowest. Women (44.1 ± 10.2%) had larger pace range than men (40.9 ± 11.8%; p < 0.001, η = 0.014). The pace range ranged from 29.8 ± 7.1% (Q1) to 49.0 ± 10.1% (Q4; p < 0.001, η = 0.179). In women and men, smaller differences in pace range among age groups for the faster performance groups were observed (p < 0.001, η = 0.014, η = 0.008, respectively). In summary, fast XC skiers adopted relatively even pacing independent of their age, and the older XC skiers adopted more even pacing than their younger counterparts of similar performance level suggesting that differences among age groups are performance-dependent.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:3 July 2019
Deposited On:27 Feb 2019 15:30
Last Modified:13 Jun 2019 01:03
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1543-8627
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Research in Sports Medicine on [2019], available online:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15438627.2018.1545647
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1545647
PubMed ID:30417690

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