Aggregatibacter species are commensal bacteria of human mucosal surfaces that are sometimes involved in serious invasive infections. During the investigation of strains cultured from various clinical specimens, we encountered a coherent group of 10 isolates that could not be allocated to any validly named species by phenotype, mass spectrometry, or partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Whole-genome sequencing revealed a phylogenetic cluster related to but separate from Aggregatibacter aphrophilus The mean in silico DNA hybridization value for strains of the new cluster versus A. aphrophilus was 56% (range, 53.7 to 58.0%), whereas the average nucleotide identity was 94.4% (range, 93.9 to 94.8%). The new cluster exhibited aggregative properties typical of the genus Aggregatibacter Key phenotypic tests for discrimination of the new cluster from validly named Aggregatibacter species are alanine-phenylalanine-proline arylamidase, N-acetylglucosamine, and β-galactosidase. The name Aggregatibacter kilianii is proposed, with PN_528 (CCUG 70536T or DSM 105094T) as the type strain.