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Exogenous melatonin protects small‐for‐size liver grafts by promoting monocyte infiltration and releases interleukin‐6


Song, Zhuolun; Humar, Bostjan; Gupta, Anurag; Maurizio, Eleonora; Borgeaud, Nathalie; Graf, Rolf; Clavien, Pierre-Alain; Tian, Yinghua (2018). Exogenous melatonin protects small‐for‐size liver grafts by promoting monocyte infiltration and releases interleukin‐6. Journal of Pineal Research, 65:e12486.

Abstract

Defective regeneration of small‐for‐size (SFS) liver remnants and partial grafts remains a key limiting factor in the application of liver surgery and transplantation. Exogenous melatonin (MLT) has protective effects on hepatic ischemia‐reperfusion injury (IRI), but its influence on graft regeneration is unknown. The aim of the study is to investigate the role of MLT in IRI and graft regeneration in settings of partial liver transplantation. We established three mouse models to study hepatic IRI and regeneration associated with partial liver transplantation: (I) IR+PH group: 60 minutes liver ischemia (IR) plus 2/3 hepatectomy (PH); (II) IR+exPH group: 60 minutes liver IR plus extended hepatectomy (exPH) associated with the SFS syndrome; (III) SFS‐LT group: Arterialized 30% SFS liver transplant. Each group was divided into MLT or vehicle‐treated subgroups. Hepatic injury, inflammatory signatures, liver regeneration, and animal survival rates were assessed. MLT reduced liver injury, enhanced liver regeneration, and promoted interleukin (IL) 6, IL10, and tumor necrosis factor‐α release by infiltrating, inflammatory Ly6C+ F4/80+ monocytes in the IR+PH group. MLT‐induced IL6 significantly improved hepatic microcirculation and survival in the IR+exPH model. In the SFS‐LT group, MLT promoted graft regeneration and increased recipient survival along with increased IL6/GP130‐STAT3 signaling. In IL6−/− mice, MLT failed to promote liver recovery, which could be restored through recombinant IL6. In the IR+exPH and SFS‐LT groups, inhibition of the IL6 co‐receptor GP130 through SC144 abolished the beneficial effects of MLT. MLT ameliorates SFS liver graft IRI and restores regeneration through monocyte‐released IL6 and downstream IL6/GP130‐STAT3 signaling.

Abstract

Defective regeneration of small‐for‐size (SFS) liver remnants and partial grafts remains a key limiting factor in the application of liver surgery and transplantation. Exogenous melatonin (MLT) has protective effects on hepatic ischemia‐reperfusion injury (IRI), but its influence on graft regeneration is unknown. The aim of the study is to investigate the role of MLT in IRI and graft regeneration in settings of partial liver transplantation. We established three mouse models to study hepatic IRI and regeneration associated with partial liver transplantation: (I) IR+PH group: 60 minutes liver ischemia (IR) plus 2/3 hepatectomy (PH); (II) IR+exPH group: 60 minutes liver IR plus extended hepatectomy (exPH) associated with the SFS syndrome; (III) SFS‐LT group: Arterialized 30% SFS liver transplant. Each group was divided into MLT or vehicle‐treated subgroups. Hepatic injury, inflammatory signatures, liver regeneration, and animal survival rates were assessed. MLT reduced liver injury, enhanced liver regeneration, and promoted interleukin (IL) 6, IL10, and tumor necrosis factor‐α release by infiltrating, inflammatory Ly6C+ F4/80+ monocytes in the IR+PH group. MLT‐induced IL6 significantly improved hepatic microcirculation and survival in the IR+exPH model. In the SFS‐LT group, MLT promoted graft regeneration and increased recipient survival along with increased IL6/GP130‐STAT3 signaling. In IL6−/− mice, MLT failed to promote liver recovery, which could be restored through recombinant IL6. In the IR+exPH and SFS‐LT groups, inhibition of the IL6 co‐receptor GP130 through SC144 abolished the beneficial effects of MLT. MLT ameliorates SFS liver graft IRI and restores regeneration through monocyte‐released IL6 and downstream IL6/GP130‐STAT3 signaling.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Endocrinology
Language:English
Date:1 August 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 15:52
Last Modified:22 Feb 2019 15:55
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0742-3098
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jpi.12486
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/150107/
PubMed ID:29505662
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID320030_138155
  • : Project TitleIntermediate auxiliary Xeno Partial Liver Transplantation Rescues the Small-for-Size Syndrome in Liver Transplantation

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