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Inflammatory patterns in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and acute coronary syndrome: A propensity score matched analysis


Santoro, Francesco; Costantino, Maria Domenica; Guastafierro, Francesca; Triggiani, Giuseppe; Ferraretti, Armando; Tarantino, Nicola; Saguner, Ardan; Di Biase, Matteo; Brunetti, Natale Daniele (2018). Inflammatory patterns in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and acute coronary syndrome: A propensity score matched analysis. Atherosclerosis, 274:157-161.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS Systemic inflammatory activation can be observed in both Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was therefore to compare circulating cytokine levels during the acute and subacute phase of TTC and ACS.
METHODS One hundred thirty-six consecutive patients were enrolled in the study; after a propensity score matching, 32 TTC patients were compared with 32 subjects with ACS. Clinical baseline features and circulating levels of interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-1α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, MCP1, EGF, VEGF, TNFα were obtained at admission (t) and after 120 h (t).
RESULTS At t, several circulating IL levels were higher in subjects with TTC (IL-2 2 vs. 0.5 pg/ml, IL-4 1.5 vs. 0.82 pg/ml, IL-10 3.34 vs. 1.62 pg/ml, TNF-α 5 vs. 2.3 pg/ml, IFN-γ 0.92 vs. 0.32 pg/ml, EGF 84.8 vs. 10.7 pg/ml, p < 0.05 in all cases), while IL-6 levels were higher in patients with ACS (25.4 vs. 12.4 pg/ml p = 0.03). At t IL-2 and EGF levels were still higher in patients with TTC vs. those with ACS (IL-2 4.6 vs. 0.72 pg/ml, p = 0.01; EGF 36.3 vs. 18.5 pg/ml, p = 0.03), while IL-6 serum levels were higher in ACS patients (19.6 vs. 7.35 pg/ml, p = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS Different inflammatory patterns can be observed during the acute and subacute phase of TTC when compared to ACS. Increased levels of anti-inflammatory interleukins can be found during the acute phase of TTC while ACS is featured by higher levels of IL-6 during the acute and sub-acute phase.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS Systemic inflammatory activation can be observed in both Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was therefore to compare circulating cytokine levels during the acute and subacute phase of TTC and ACS.
METHODS One hundred thirty-six consecutive patients were enrolled in the study; after a propensity score matching, 32 TTC patients were compared with 32 subjects with ACS. Clinical baseline features and circulating levels of interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-1α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, MCP1, EGF, VEGF, TNFα were obtained at admission (t) and after 120 h (t).
RESULTS At t, several circulating IL levels were higher in subjects with TTC (IL-2 2 vs. 0.5 pg/ml, IL-4 1.5 vs. 0.82 pg/ml, IL-10 3.34 vs. 1.62 pg/ml, TNF-α 5 vs. 2.3 pg/ml, IFN-γ 0.92 vs. 0.32 pg/ml, EGF 84.8 vs. 10.7 pg/ml, p < 0.05 in all cases), while IL-6 levels were higher in patients with ACS (25.4 vs. 12.4 pg/ml p = 0.03). At t IL-2 and EGF levels were still higher in patients with TTC vs. those with ACS (IL-2 4.6 vs. 0.72 pg/ml, p = 0.01; EGF 36.3 vs. 18.5 pg/ml, p = 0.03), while IL-6 serum levels were higher in ACS patients (19.6 vs. 7.35 pg/ml, p = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS Different inflammatory patterns can be observed during the acute and subacute phase of TTC when compared to ACS. Increased levels of anti-inflammatory interleukins can be found during the acute phase of TTC while ACS is featured by higher levels of IL-6 during the acute and sub-acute phase.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:28 Feb 2019 10:31
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:48
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9150
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.05.017
PubMed ID:29783063

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