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Association between beta-adrenoceptor antagonist-induced sympathicolysis and severity of coronary artery disease as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)


Messerli, Michael; Maredziak, Monika; Bengs, Susan; Haider, Ahmed; Giannopoulos, Andreas A; Schwyzer, Moritz; Benz, Dominik C; von Felten, Elia; Kudura, Ken; Treyer, Valerie; Fiechter, Michael; Gräni, Christoph; Fuchs, Tobias A; Pazhenkottil, Aju P; Buechel, Ronny R; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Gebhard, Catherine (2019). Association between beta-adrenoceptor antagonist-induced sympathicolysis and severity of coronary artery disease as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity is associated with increased mortality in many cardiac conditions including heart failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). To ensure adequate image quality of coronary CT angiography (CCTA), pre-scan β-adrenergic blockers (BB) are routinely administered. It is currently unknown whether sensitivity to sympathicolytic compounds is associated with severity of CAD. A total of 2633 consecutive patients (1733 [65.8%] men and 900 [34.2%] women, mean age 56.7 ± 11.5 years) undergoing CCTA for exclusion of significant CAD at our department between 06/2013 and 12/2016 were evaluated. Acute heart rate (HR) responses to BB administration were recorded in all patients. Coronary plaque burden as indicated by segment severity score (SSS), segment involvement score (SIS), and significant CAD (i.e. > 50% luminal narrowing) was higher in weak responders to BB as compared to strong responders to BB (p = 0.001 for SSS and SIS, and p = 0.021 for significant CAD). Accordingly, in a multiple linear regression model adjusted for known risk factors of CAD such as smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia, as well as age, sex, body mass index (BMI), glomerular filtration rate, and HR during CCTA scan, a strong response to BB was selected as a significant independent negative predictor of coronary plaque burden (beta coefficient - 0.08, p = 0.001). We demonstrate that individuals with a weak acute response to BB administration encounter an increased risk of severe CAD. Taking into account sensitivity to sympatho-inhibition may add complementary information in patients undergoing CCTA for evaluation of CAD.

Abstract

Enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity is associated with increased mortality in many cardiac conditions including heart failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). To ensure adequate image quality of coronary CT angiography (CCTA), pre-scan β-adrenergic blockers (BB) are routinely administered. It is currently unknown whether sensitivity to sympathicolytic compounds is associated with severity of CAD. A total of 2633 consecutive patients (1733 [65.8%] men and 900 [34.2%] women, mean age 56.7 ± 11.5 years) undergoing CCTA for exclusion of significant CAD at our department between 06/2013 and 12/2016 were evaluated. Acute heart rate (HR) responses to BB administration were recorded in all patients. Coronary plaque burden as indicated by segment severity score (SSS), segment involvement score (SIS), and significant CAD (i.e. > 50% luminal narrowing) was higher in weak responders to BB as compared to strong responders to BB (p = 0.001 for SSS and SIS, and p = 0.021 for significant CAD). Accordingly, in a multiple linear regression model adjusted for known risk factors of CAD such as smoking, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia, as well as age, sex, body mass index (BMI), glomerular filtration rate, and HR during CCTA scan, a strong response to BB was selected as a significant independent negative predictor of coronary plaque burden (beta coefficient - 0.08, p = 0.001). We demonstrate that individuals with a weak acute response to BB administration encounter an increased risk of severe CAD. Taking into account sensitivity to sympatho-inhibition may add complementary information in patients undergoing CCTA for evaluation of CAD.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:8 January 2019
Deposited On:15 Mar 2019 07:54
Last Modified:15 Mar 2019 07:55
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1569-5794
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-018-01523-3
PubMed ID:30623350

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