Development and Application of these Recommendations. A working group of the Swiss Society of Neonatology (SSN) first published national recommendations on the care and resuscitation of the newborn infant in 2000. After two revisions (2007/2012), these recommendations are being updated, based on the evidence arising from a critical appraisal of the current scientific publications1), 2) as well as on revised international recommendations2)-4). Additionally, published reflections on these revised international recommendations were taken into consideration (in particular from the ERC and ILCOR) 5)-7) as well as the recommendations from an interdisciplinary group of Swiss medical societies on the organisation of the initial care of the newborn infant, published in 20168). These guidelines should be considered as recommendations that can and should be adapted as the individual situation requires.