Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

No evidence that normative substance use causes ADHD symptoms in adolescence


Murray, A.; Eisner, M.; Obsuth, I.; Ribeaud, Denis (2017). No evidence that normative substance use causes ADHD symptoms in adolescence. Journal of Drug Issues, 47(3):405-410.

Abstract

There is a robust association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and elevated substance use. Several plausible causal pathways from ADHD to substance use have been articulated and supported empirically. In this study, we tested the recent suggestion that substance use could also influence levels of ADHD symptoms. Using the three most recent waves of data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youth (z-proso), we found significant and strong cross-lagged effects of ADHD symptoms on substance use but no significant effects in the opposite direction. This suggests that individual differences in substance use are not related to increases in ADHD symptoms in adolescence. Adolescent-onset symptoms of ADHD are thus unlikely to be caused by substance use, and targeting substance use problems is unlikely to reduce ADHD symptoms.

Abstract

There is a robust association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and elevated substance use. Several plausible causal pathways from ADHD to substance use have been articulated and supported empirically. In this study, we tested the recent suggestion that substance use could also influence levels of ADHD symptoms. Using the three most recent waves of data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youth (z-proso), we found significant and strong cross-lagged effects of ADHD symptoms on substance use but no significant effects in the opposite direction. This suggests that individual differences in substance use are not related to increases in ADHD symptoms in adolescence. Adolescent-onset symptoms of ADHD are thus unlikely to be caused by substance use, and targeting substance use problems is unlikely to reduce ADHD symptoms.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

24 downloads since deposited on 25 Jul 2019
24 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:25 Jul 2019 14:16
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:20
Publisher:Sage Publications Ltd.
ISSN:0022-0426
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042617697018

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'No evidence that normative substance use causes ADHD symptoms in adolescence'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 377kB
View at publisher