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L'élaboration du lexique français médiéval - variation diatopique, sélection et changement lexicaux


Videsott, P; Glessgen, Martin-Dietrich (2017). L'élaboration du lexique français médiéval - variation diatopique, sélection et changement lexicaux. Romanistisches Jahrbuch, 68(1):64-89.

Abstract

The article examines some basic questions about the diatopic variation, the lexical selection and lexical change in Old French. In particular, the role, status and quantitative dimension of lexical regionalisms and lexical change is discussed. The selection processes in vocabulary, which in the different regions and political contexts of the langue d’oïlare carried out with varying speed and intensity, are exemplified by a lexical analysis of two texts, a donation-document written in a Lorrain monastery in 1234 and a marriage contract established in the French Royal Chancery in 1301. While nearly a third of the vocabulary of the Lorraine document is no longer part of today’s standard French, the vocabulary ofthe record of the Royal Chancery is in the 13th century already very close to that what will become the vocabulary of the future (and today’s) standard.

Abstract

The article examines some basic questions about the diatopic variation, the lexical selection and lexical change in Old French. In particular, the role, status and quantitative dimension of lexical regionalisms and lexical change is discussed. The selection processes in vocabulary, which in the different regions and political contexts of the langue d’oïlare carried out with varying speed and intensity, are exemplified by a lexical analysis of two texts, a donation-document written in a Lorrain monastery in 1234 and a marriage contract established in the French Royal Chancery in 1301. While nearly a third of the vocabulary of the Lorraine document is no longer part of today’s standard French, the vocabulary ofthe record of the Royal Chancery is in the 13th century already very close to that what will become the vocabulary of the future (and today’s) standard.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Romance Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism
470 Latin & Italic languages
410 Linguistics
440 French & related languages
460 Spanish & Portuguese languages
450 Italian, Romanian & related languages
Language:French
Date:2017
Deposited On:14 Feb 2019 14:43
Last Modified:26 Jan 2022 20:55
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN:0080-3898
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/roja-2017-0003
Related URLs:https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/roma (Publisher)

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