In this study, we present a detailed investigation of the morphology of binary colloidal structures formed by self-assembly at air/water interface of particles of two different sizes, with a size ratio such that the larger particles do not retain a hexagonal arrangement in the binary assembly. While the structure and symmetry of binary mixtures in which such hexagonal order is preserved has been thoroughly scrutinized, binary colloids in the regime of nonpreservation of the hexagonal order have not been examined with the same level of detail due also to the difficulty in finding analysis tools suitable to recognize hidden symmetries in seemingly amorphous and disordered arrangements. For this purpose, we resorted to a combination of different analysis tools based on computational geometry and computational topology to get a comprehensive picture of the morphology of the assemblies. By carrying out an extensive investigation of binary assemblies in this regime with variable concentration of smaller particles with respect to larger particles, we identify the main patterns that coexist in the apparently disordered assemblies and detect transitions in the symmetries upon increase in the number of small particles. As the concentration of small particles increases, large particle arrangements become more dilute and a transition from hexagonal to rhombic and square symmetries occurs, accompanied also by an increase in clusters of small particles; the relative weight of each specific symmetry can be controlled by varying the composition of the assemblies. The demonstration of the possibility to control the morphology of apparently disordered binary colloidal assemblies by varying experimental conditions and the definition of a route for the investigation of disordered assemblies are important for future studies of complex colloidal patterns to understand self-assembly mechanisms and to tailor the physical properties of colloidal assemblies.