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Skin Conformal Polymer Electrodes for Clinical ECG and EEG Recordings


Stauffer, Flurin; Thielen, Moritz; Sauter, Christina; Chardonnens, Séverine; Bachmann, Simon; Tybrandt, Klas; Peters, Christian; Hierold, Christofer; Vörös, Janos (2018). Skin Conformal Polymer Electrodes for Clinical ECG and EEG Recordings. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 7(7):1700994.

Abstract

Preparation‐free and skin compliant biopotential electrodes with high recording quality enable wearables for future healthcare and the Internet of Humans. Here, super‐soft and self‐adhesive electrodes are presented for use on dry and hairy skin without skin preparation or attachment pressure. The electrodes show a skin‐contact impedance of 50 kΩ cm2 at 10 Hz that is comparable to clinical standard gel electrodes and lower than existing dry electrodes. Microstructured electrodes inspired by grasshopper feet adhere repeatedly to the skin with a force of up to 0.1 N cm−2 without further attachment even during strong movement or deformation of the skin. Skin compliance and adhesive properties of the electrodes result in reduction of noise and motion artifacts superior to other dry electrodes reaching the performance of commercial gel electrodes. The signal quality is demonstrated by recording a high‐fidelity electrocardiograms of a swimmer in water. Furthermore, an electrode with soft macropillars is used to detect alpha activity in the electroencephalograms from the back of the head through dense hair. Compared to gel electrodes, the soft biopotential electrodes are nearly imperceptible to the wearer and cause no skin irritations even after hours of application. The electrodes presented here could combine unobtrusive and long‐term biopotential recordings with clinical‐grade signal performance.

Abstract

Preparation‐free and skin compliant biopotential electrodes with high recording quality enable wearables for future healthcare and the Internet of Humans. Here, super‐soft and self‐adhesive electrodes are presented for use on dry and hairy skin without skin preparation or attachment pressure. The electrodes show a skin‐contact impedance of 50 kΩ cm2 at 10 Hz that is comparable to clinical standard gel electrodes and lower than existing dry electrodes. Microstructured electrodes inspired by grasshopper feet adhere repeatedly to the skin with a force of up to 0.1 N cm−2 without further attachment even during strong movement or deformation of the skin. Skin compliance and adhesive properties of the electrodes result in reduction of noise and motion artifacts superior to other dry electrodes reaching the performance of commercial gel electrodes. The signal quality is demonstrated by recording a high‐fidelity electrocardiograms of a swimmer in water. Furthermore, an electrode with soft macropillars is used to detect alpha activity in the electroencephalograms from the back of the head through dense hair. Compared to gel electrodes, the soft biopotential electrodes are nearly imperceptible to the wearer and cause no skin irritations even after hours of application. The electrodes presented here could combine unobtrusive and long‐term biopotential recordings with clinical‐grade signal performance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pharmaceutical Science, Biomaterials, Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:1 April 2018
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 13:18
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 20:11
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:2192-2640
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/adhm.201700994
PubMed ID:29330962

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