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Biomimetic Conditioning of Human Dentin Using Citric Acid


Ivica, Anja; Zehnder, Matthias; Mateos, José M; Ghayor, Chafik; Weber, Franz E (2019). Biomimetic Conditioning of Human Dentin Using Citric Acid. Journal of Endodontics, 45(1):45-50.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION
In carious teeth, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) is released from the dentin matrix and possibly activated in an acidic environment. Conversely, EDTA solutions with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH are used in clinics to promote cell homing in regenerative endodontic procedures. We hypothesized that citric acid (CA) might be more beneficial.
METHODS
TGF-β1 release from human dentin disks conditioned with either 10% CA (pH = 2) or 17% EDTA (pH = 8) and the behavior of human stem cells toward such pretreated dentin were studied. The protein concentration in conditioning solutions after 10 minutes of dentin exposure was determined using a pH-independent slot blot technique.
RESULTS
There was a 5-fold higher concentration of the target protein in CA (382 ± 30 ng/disk) compared with EDTA (66 ± 3 ng/disk, P < .005). Using confocal laser scanning microscopy on immunofluorescent-labeled disks, we identified a high density of TGF-β1 in peritubular dentin after CA treatment. A migration assay showed that CA conditioning attracted significantly more stem cells toward the dentin after 24 hours compared with EDTA (P < .05) or phosphate-buffered saline (P < .005). To investigate whether the cell response to these dentin surfaces could be affected by different pretreatments, we cultured stem cells on conditioned dentin disks and found that CA had a significantly (P < .05) better effect than EDTA on cell attachment and cell survival.
CONCLUSIONS
CA conditioning could be useful and may have significant benefits over current treatments.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION
In carious teeth, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) is released from the dentin matrix and possibly activated in an acidic environment. Conversely, EDTA solutions with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH are used in clinics to promote cell homing in regenerative endodontic procedures. We hypothesized that citric acid (CA) might be more beneficial.
METHODS
TGF-β1 release from human dentin disks conditioned with either 10% CA (pH = 2) or 17% EDTA (pH = 8) and the behavior of human stem cells toward such pretreated dentin were studied. The protein concentration in conditioning solutions after 10 minutes of dentin exposure was determined using a pH-independent slot blot technique.
RESULTS
There was a 5-fold higher concentration of the target protein in CA (382 ± 30 ng/disk) compared with EDTA (66 ± 3 ng/disk, P < .005). Using confocal laser scanning microscopy on immunofluorescent-labeled disks, we identified a high density of TGF-β1 in peritubular dentin after CA treatment. A migration assay showed that CA conditioning attracted significantly more stem cells toward the dentin after 24 hours compared with EDTA (P < .05) or phosphate-buffered saline (P < .005). To investigate whether the cell response to these dentin surfaces could be affected by different pretreatments, we cultured stem cells on conditioned dentin disks and found that CA had a significantly (P < .05) better effect than EDTA on cell attachment and cell survival.
CONCLUSIONS
CA conditioning could be useful and may have significant benefits over current treatments.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2019
Deposited On:15 Mar 2019 08:26
Last Modified:15 Mar 2019 08:33
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0099-2399
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2018.09.015
PubMed ID:30448020

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