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Ontological categories


Baunaz, Lena; Lander, Eric (2018). Ontological categories. : LingBuzz.

Abstract

This paper examines ontological categories (OC), a type of category that seems to exist in all languages. Following current trends in linguistic research, we claim that these categories belong to a closed class of functional nouns and that they make up a particular functional domain in UG. Working within the nanosyntactic approach, we claim that such a functional domain should be seen as a functional sequence (fseq) of syntactico-semantic heads.
Our paper is organized as follows. In section 1.2 we present the main notion of ontological category. We then briefly introduce our theoretical framework, the main hypothesis, as well as the methodology behind our nanosyntactic analysis. In sections 1.3 and 1.4, we present and discuss the relevant data, namely syncretism and morphological containment, in more than 39 languages belonging to 23 different language families. Section 1.5 discusses the nature of some of the counterintuitive results we arrive at, with some implications of the fseq we are proposing.

Abstract

This paper examines ontological categories (OC), a type of category that seems to exist in all languages. Following current trends in linguistic research, we claim that these categories belong to a closed class of functional nouns and that they make up a particular functional domain in UG. Working within the nanosyntactic approach, we claim that such a functional domain should be seen as a functional sequence (fseq) of syntactico-semantic heads.
Our paper is organized as follows. In section 1.2 we present the main notion of ontological category. We then briefly introduce our theoretical framework, the main hypothesis, as well as the methodology behind our nanosyntactic analysis. In sections 1.3 and 1.4, we present and discuss the relevant data, namely syncretism and morphological containment, in more than 39 languages belonging to 23 different language families. Section 1.5 discusses the nature of some of the counterintuitive results we arrive at, with some implications of the fseq we are proposing.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Scientific Publication in Electronic Form
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Romance Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism
470 Latin & Italic languages
410 Linguistics
440 French & related languages
460 Spanish & Portuguese languages
450 Italian, Romanian & related languages
Uncontrolled Keywords:Michal Starke, nanosyntax
Editors:Caha Pavel, de Clercq Karen, Vanden Wyngaerd Guido
Language:English
Date:May 2018
Deposited On:14 Feb 2019 16:05
Last Modified:14 Feb 2019 16:20
Publisher:LingBuzz
Series Name:The unpublished manuscript: a collection of Lingbuzz papers to celebrate Michal Starke’s 50th birthday
Number of Pages:18
Additional Information:LingBuzz is an openly accessible repository of scholarly papers, discussions and other documents for linguistics.
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/003993
Related URLs:https://ling.auf.net/ (Organisation)
Other Identification Number:lingbuzz/003993

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