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Sc–Zr–Nb–Rh–Pd and Sc–Zr–Nb–Ta–Rh–Pd High-Entropy Alloy Superconductors on a CsCl-Type Lattice


Stolze, Karoline; Tao, Jing; von Rohr, Fabian O; Kong, Tai; Cava, Robert J (2018). Sc–Zr–Nb–Rh–Pd and Sc–Zr–Nb–Ta–Rh–Pd High-Entropy Alloy Superconductors on a CsCl-Type Lattice. Chemistry of Materials, 30(3):906-914.

Abstract

We have synthesized previously unreported high-entropy alloys (HEAs) in the pentanary (ScZrNb)1–x[RhPd]x and hexanary (ScZrNbTa)1–x[RhPd]x systems. The materials have CsCl-type structures and mixed site occupancies. Both HEAs are type-II superconductors with strongly varying critical temperatures (Tc’s) depending on the valence electron count (VEC); the Tc’s increase monotonically with decreasing VEC within each series, and do not follow the trends seen for either crystalline or amorphous transition metal superconductors. The (ScZrNb)0.65[RhPd]0.35 HEA with the highest Tc, ∼9.3 K, also exhibits the largest μ0Hc2(0) = 10.7 T. The pentanary and hexanary HEAs have higher superconducting transition temperatures than their simple binary intermetallic relatives with the CsCl-type structure and a surprisingly ductile mechanical behavior. The presence of niobium, even at the 20% level, has a positive impact on the Tc. Nevertheless, niobium-free (ScZr)0.50[RhPd]0.50, as mother-compound of both superconducting HEAs found here, is itself superconducting, proving that superconductivity is an intrinsic feature of the bulk material.

Abstract

We have synthesized previously unreported high-entropy alloys (HEAs) in the pentanary (ScZrNb)1–x[RhPd]x and hexanary (ScZrNbTa)1–x[RhPd]x systems. The materials have CsCl-type structures and mixed site occupancies. Both HEAs are type-II superconductors with strongly varying critical temperatures (Tc’s) depending on the valence electron count (VEC); the Tc’s increase monotonically with decreasing VEC within each series, and do not follow the trends seen for either crystalline or amorphous transition metal superconductors. The (ScZrNb)0.65[RhPd]0.35 HEA with the highest Tc, ∼9.3 K, also exhibits the largest μ0Hc2(0) = 10.7 T. The pentanary and hexanary HEAs have higher superconducting transition temperatures than their simple binary intermetallic relatives with the CsCl-type structure and a surprisingly ductile mechanical behavior. The presence of niobium, even at the 20% level, has a positive impact on the Tc. Nevertheless, niobium-free (ScZr)0.50[RhPd]0.50, as mother-compound of both superconducting HEAs found here, is itself superconducting, proving that superconductivity is an intrinsic feature of the bulk material.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Physical Sciences > General Chemical Engineering
Physical Sciences > Materials Chemistry
Language:English
Date:13 February 2018
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 16:46
Last Modified:14 Feb 2021 08:28
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0897-4756
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04578

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