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Monitoring surface transformations of metal carbodiimide water oxidation catalysts by operando XAS and Raman spectroscopy


Müller, Rafael J; Lan, Jinggang; Lienau, Karla; Moré, René; Triana, Carlos A; Iannuzzi, Marcella; Patzke, Greta R (2018). Monitoring surface transformations of metal carbodiimide water oxidation catalysts by operando XAS and Raman spectroscopy. Dalton Transactions, 47(31):10759-10766.

Abstract

Transition metal carbodiimides MNCN (M = Co, Ni, Co0.9Ni0.1, Mn and Cu), were studied by simultaneous operando Raman and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with focus on surface oxide detection during electrocatalytic water oxidation. As a proof of concept, easily modifiable screen-printed electrodes were used in this unified operando synchrotron setup for a trade-off between convenience of electrochemical anodization and spectroscopic data acquisition. Monitoring of chemical and structural transformations at the electrode surface during initial anodic electrode polarization shows stability for MNCN with M = Co, Ni, Co0.9Ni0.1 and Mn. While MnNCN is inactive, CoNCN emerges as the most active representative of the series. CuNCN displays pronounced side reactions and the formation of a surface copper oxide layer leading to lower current density attributed to water oxidation, as evident from an irreversible variation of the CuNCN redox behaviour in rotating ring-disc voltammetry. Furthermore, the accompanying structural and vibrational spectroscopy properties of the different MNCN compounds were explored with complementary ex situ analytical methods.

Abstract

Transition metal carbodiimides MNCN (M = Co, Ni, Co0.9Ni0.1, Mn and Cu), were studied by simultaneous operando Raman and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with focus on surface oxide detection during electrocatalytic water oxidation. As a proof of concept, easily modifiable screen-printed electrodes were used in this unified operando synchrotron setup for a trade-off between convenience of electrochemical anodization and spectroscopic data acquisition. Monitoring of chemical and structural transformations at the electrode surface during initial anodic electrode polarization shows stability for MNCN with M = Co, Ni, Co0.9Ni0.1 and Mn. While MnNCN is inactive, CoNCN emerges as the most active representative of the series. CuNCN displays pronounced side reactions and the formation of a surface copper oxide layer leading to lower current density attributed to water oxidation, as evident from an irreversible variation of the CuNCN redox behaviour in rotating ring-disc voltammetry. Furthermore, the accompanying structural and vibrational spectroscopy properties of the different MNCN compounds were explored with complementary ex situ analytical methods.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
08 Research Priority Programs > Solar Light to Chemical Energy Conversion
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Inorganic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1 January 2018
Deposited On:07 Mar 2019 07:45
Last Modified:07 Mar 2019 07:54
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1477-9226
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/c8dt01587b
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSII2_160801
  • : Project TitlePhotocatalytic Processes at Solvated Interfaces

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