Hemimegalencephaly (HME) is a rare congenital malformation of the brain, grossly characterized by enlargement and overdevelopment of one cerebral hemisphere. We describe a 16-month-old patient with facial asymmetry caused by congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CILF) associated with ipsilateral HME. Although HME has been described as part of different syndromic diseases, the association of HME with CILF has been rarely reported. Our case and literature review suggest that when the diagnosis of CILF is suspected or established, the possible presence of associated HME has to be considered and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must be performed even in absence of neurological features, not always present in early stages. MRI also demonstrates the involvement of intracranial structures outside the affected cerebral hemisphere, such as brain stem, cerebellum, cranial nerves, and blood vessels. In our patient, computed tomography of the brain provided detailed information on osseous hypertrophy and skull-base foramina enlargement.