Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Inhibition of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis in the purple phototrophic bacteria Rhodospirillumrubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus grown in the presence of a toxic concentration of selenite


Kessi, Janine; Hörtensteiner, Stefan (2018). Inhibition of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis in the purple phototrophic bacteria Rhodospirillumrubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus grown in the presence of a toxic concentration of selenite. BMC Microbiology, 18(1):81.

Abstract

Background In many works, the chemical composition of bacterially-produced elemental selenium nanoparticles (Se-nanoparticles) was investigated using electron dispersive X-ray analysis. The results suggest that these particles should be associated with organic compounds. However, a complete analysis of their chemical composition is still missing. Aiming at identifying organic compounds associated with the Se-nanoparticles produced by the purple phototrophic bacteria Rhodospirillum rubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus (α group of the proteobacteria), we used MALDI-TOF spectrometry.Results This technic revealed that numerous signals obtained from particles produced by both species of bacteria were from metabolites of the photosynthetic system. Furthermore, not only bacteriochlorophyll a, bacteriopheophytin a, and bacteriopheophorbide a, which are known to accumulate in stationary phase cultures of these bacteria grown phototrophically in the absence of selenite, were identified. The particles were also associated with intermediary metabolites of the bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis pathway such as protoporphyrin IX, protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester, bacteriochlorophyllide a and, most likely, Mg-protoporphyrin IX-monomethyl ester, as well as with oxidation products of the substrates of protochlorophyllide reductase and chlorin reductase.Conclusion Accumulation of intermediary metabolites of the bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis pathway in these purple phototrophic bacteria was attributed to inhibition of oxygen-sensitive enzymes involved in this pathway. Consistent with this interpretation it has been reported that these bacteria reduce selenite intracellularly, that they contain high levels of glutathione and that the reduction of selenite with glutathione is a very fast reaction accompanied by the production of reactive oxygen species. As many enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of bacteriochlorophyll contain [Fe-S] clusters in their active site, which are known to be degraded in the presence of reactive oxygen species as well as in the presence of molecular oxygen, we concluded that the substrates of these enzymes accumulate in cells during selenite reduction.Association of metabolites of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation with the Se-nanoparticles produced by Rhodospirillum rubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus is proposed to result from coating of the nanoparticles with the intracytoplasmic membrane of these bacteria, where the photochemical apparatus is concentrated.

Abstract

Background In many works, the chemical composition of bacterially-produced elemental selenium nanoparticles (Se-nanoparticles) was investigated using electron dispersive X-ray analysis. The results suggest that these particles should be associated with organic compounds. However, a complete analysis of their chemical composition is still missing. Aiming at identifying organic compounds associated with the Se-nanoparticles produced by the purple phototrophic bacteria Rhodospirillum rubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus (α group of the proteobacteria), we used MALDI-TOF spectrometry.Results This technic revealed that numerous signals obtained from particles produced by both species of bacteria were from metabolites of the photosynthetic system. Furthermore, not only bacteriochlorophyll a, bacteriopheophytin a, and bacteriopheophorbide a, which are known to accumulate in stationary phase cultures of these bacteria grown phototrophically in the absence of selenite, were identified. The particles were also associated with intermediary metabolites of the bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis pathway such as protoporphyrin IX, protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester, bacteriochlorophyllide a and, most likely, Mg-protoporphyrin IX-monomethyl ester, as well as with oxidation products of the substrates of protochlorophyllide reductase and chlorin reductase.Conclusion Accumulation of intermediary metabolites of the bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis pathway in these purple phototrophic bacteria was attributed to inhibition of oxygen-sensitive enzymes involved in this pathway. Consistent with this interpretation it has been reported that these bacteria reduce selenite intracellularly, that they contain high levels of glutathione and that the reduction of selenite with glutathione is a very fast reaction accompanied by the production of reactive oxygen species. As many enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of bacteriochlorophyll contain [Fe-S] clusters in their active site, which are known to be degraded in the presence of reactive oxygen species as well as in the presence of molecular oxygen, we concluded that the substrates of these enzymes accumulate in cells during selenite reduction.Association of metabolites of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation with the Se-nanoparticles produced by Rhodospirillum rubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus is proposed to result from coating of the nanoparticles with the intracytoplasmic membrane of these bacteria, where the photochemical apparatus is concentrated.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

43 downloads since deposited on 13 Feb 2019
41 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:31 July 2018
Deposited On:13 Feb 2019 11:57
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:24
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2180
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12866-018-1209-5
PubMed ID:30064359

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'Inhibition of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis in the purple phototrophic bacteria Rhodospirillumrubrum and Rhodobacter capsulatus grown in the presence of a toxic concentration of selenite'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)