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Home-Time as a Surrogate Marker for Functional Outcome After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage


Abstract

Background and Purpose
Commonly used tools to determine functional outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have limitations. Time spent at the patient’s home has previously been proposed as a robust outcome measure after ischemic stroke. Here, we set out to validate home-time as an outcome measure after aSAH.
Methods
We examined prospectively collected data from a nationwide multicenter registry of aSAH patients admitted to a tertiary neurosurgical department in Switzerland (Swiss SOS [Swiss Study on Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage]; 2009–2015). We calculated mean home-time (defined as days spent at home for the first 90 days after aSAH) and 95% CIs for each category of modified Rankin Scale at discharge and 1-year follow-up, using linear regression models to analyze home-time differences per modified Rankin Scale category.
Results
We had home-time data from 1076 of 1866 patients (57.7%), and multiple imputation was used to fill-in missing data from the remaining 790 patients. Increasing home-time was associated with improved modified Rankin Scale scores at time of hospital discharge (P<0.0001) and at 1-year follow-up (P<0.0001). Within each of the 8 participating hospitals, the relationship between home-time and modified Rankin Scale was maintained.
Conclusions
Home-time for the first 90 days after aSAH offers a robust and easily ascertainable outcome measure, discriminating particularly well across better recovery levels at time of hospital discharge and at 1-year follow-up. This measure complies with the modern trend of patient-centered healthcare and research, representing an outcome that is particularly relevant to the patient.

Abstract

Background and Purpose
Commonly used tools to determine functional outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have limitations. Time spent at the patient’s home has previously been proposed as a robust outcome measure after ischemic stroke. Here, we set out to validate home-time as an outcome measure after aSAH.
Methods
We examined prospectively collected data from a nationwide multicenter registry of aSAH patients admitted to a tertiary neurosurgical department in Switzerland (Swiss SOS [Swiss Study on Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage]; 2009–2015). We calculated mean home-time (defined as days spent at home for the first 90 days after aSAH) and 95% CIs for each category of modified Rankin Scale at discharge and 1-year follow-up, using linear regression models to analyze home-time differences per modified Rankin Scale category.
Results
We had home-time data from 1076 of 1866 patients (57.7%), and multiple imputation was used to fill-in missing data from the remaining 790 patients. Increasing home-time was associated with improved modified Rankin Scale scores at time of hospital discharge (P<0.0001) and at 1-year follow-up (P<0.0001). Within each of the 8 participating hospitals, the relationship between home-time and modified Rankin Scale was maintained.
Conclusions
Home-time for the first 90 days after aSAH offers a robust and easily ascertainable outcome measure, discriminating particularly well across better recovery levels at time of hospital discharge and at 1-year follow-up. This measure complies with the modern trend of patient-centered healthcare and research, representing an outcome that is particularly relevant to the patient.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:cerebrovascular stroke, disability evaluation, intracranial aneurysm, intracranial hemorrhages, outcome measure, subarachnoid hemorrhage
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:18 Feb 2019 14:59
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:25
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0039-2499
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1161/strokeaha.118.022808

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