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Current Status of helicopter emergency medical services in China: A bibliometric analysis


Xu, Ding; Luo, Peng; Li, Sheng; Pfeifer, Roman; Hildebrand, Frank; Pape, Hans-Christoph (2019). Current Status of helicopter emergency medical services in China: A bibliometric analysis. Medicine, 98(6):e14439.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
After nearly 20 years of development, China has realized some achievements in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). The purpose of this article is to introduce and evaluate the development and characteristics of HEMS in China by collecting and analyzing relevant literature and, in so doing, help this vital service to further develop.
METHOD
We conducted a Pubmed, Medline, Embase, ScienceDirect, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP search of the literature on HEMS of China published between January 1950 and April 2017. The title, author name, number of authors, publishing date, country or region of origin, institution, type of article, study topic, funding source, and level of evidence of each article were recorded and analyzed.
RESULTS
There were 41 papers included in the analysis. All articles were published in Chinese. The selected articles were published between 2002 and 2017. The 41 articles originated from China, but 7 different regions were represented: East China (n = 14), followed by North China (n = 12), Central China (n = 8), Southwest China (n = 3), South China (n = 2), and Northwest China (n = 2). The articles included 18 clinical studies, 12 reviews, and 11 clinical guidelines. Among these, 22 articles were from public hospitals; 18 were from military units and 1 came from a private hospital. One article from the public hospitals was funded by public foundations (4.5%); 11 articles from the army units received support from Army funding (61.1%). Compared with the public and private hospitals, articles from military units were more likely to receive financial support (χ = 15.7 P <.01). All the articles were assigned a level of evidence from 1 to 5. Level 5 (78.0%) was the most frequent level of evidence. There were 7 studies at level 4. Only 2 articles were assigned to level 3. There were no articles at levels 1 or 2.
CONCLUSIONS
China's HEMS is a relatively new service. Its level of development is low, interregional development is uneven, and cooperation has been insufficient. We need to strengthen capital investment and develop a unified guideline to further enhance the development of HEMS in China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
After nearly 20 years of development, China has realized some achievements in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). The purpose of this article is to introduce and evaluate the development and characteristics of HEMS in China by collecting and analyzing relevant literature and, in so doing, help this vital service to further develop.
METHOD
We conducted a Pubmed, Medline, Embase, ScienceDirect, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP search of the literature on HEMS of China published between January 1950 and April 2017. The title, author name, number of authors, publishing date, country or region of origin, institution, type of article, study topic, funding source, and level of evidence of each article were recorded and analyzed.
RESULTS
There were 41 papers included in the analysis. All articles were published in Chinese. The selected articles were published between 2002 and 2017. The 41 articles originated from China, but 7 different regions were represented: East China (n = 14), followed by North China (n = 12), Central China (n = 8), Southwest China (n = 3), South China (n = 2), and Northwest China (n = 2). The articles included 18 clinical studies, 12 reviews, and 11 clinical guidelines. Among these, 22 articles were from public hospitals; 18 were from military units and 1 came from a private hospital. One article from the public hospitals was funded by public foundations (4.5%); 11 articles from the army units received support from Army funding (61.1%). Compared with the public and private hospitals, articles from military units were more likely to receive financial support (χ = 15.7 P <.01). All the articles were assigned a level of evidence from 1 to 5. Level 5 (78.0%) was the most frequent level of evidence. There were 7 studies at level 4. Only 2 articles were assigned to level 3. There were no articles at levels 1 or 2.
CONCLUSIONS
China's HEMS is a relatively new service. Its level of development is low, interregional development is uneven, and cooperation has been insufficient. We need to strengthen capital investment and develop a unified guideline to further enhance the development of HEMS in China.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Department of Trauma Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2019
Deposited On:15 Mar 2019 10:39
Last Modified:01 Apr 2019 11:02
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0025-7974
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014439
PubMed ID:30732205

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