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Radiation-induced acute toxicities after image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for patients with spinal metastases (IRON-1 trial) : First results of a randomized controlled trial


Sprave, Tanja; Verma, Vivek; Förster, Robert; Schlampp, Ingmar; Bruckner, Thomas; Bostel, Tilman; Welte, Stefan Ezechiel; Tonndorf-Martini, Eric; El Shafie, Rami; Nicolay, Nils Henrik; Debus, Jürgen; Rief, Harald (2018). Radiation-induced acute toxicities after image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for patients with spinal metastases (IRON-1 trial) : First results of a randomized controlled trial. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, 194(10):911-920.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Radiation therapy (RT) provides an important treatment approach in the palliative care of vertebral metastases, but radiation-induced toxicities in patients with advanced disease and low performance status can have substantial implications for quality of life. Herein, we prospectively compared toxicity profiles of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs. conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT).

METHODS
This was a prospective randomized monocentric explorative pilot trial to compare radiation-induced toxicity between IMRT and 3DCRT for patients with spinal metastases. A total of 60 patients were randomized between November 2016 and May 2017. In both cohorts, RT was delivered in 10 fractions of 3 Gy each. The primary endpoint was radiation-induced toxicity at 3 months.

RESULTS
Median follow-up was 4.3 months. Two patients suffered from grade 3 acute toxicities in the IMRT arm, along with 1 patient in the 3DCRT group. At 12 weeks after treatment (t2), 1 patient reported grade 3 toxicity in the IMRT arm vs. 4 patients in the 3DCRT group. No grade 4 or 5 adverse events occurred in either group. In the IMRT arm, the most common side effects by the end of irradiation (t1) were grade 1-2 xerostomia and nausea in 8 patients each (29.6%), and dyspnea in 7 patients (25.9%). In the 3DCRT group, the most frequent adverse events (t1) were similar: grade 1-2 xerostomia (n = 10, 35.7%), esophagitis (n = 10, 35.8%), nausea (n = 10, 35.8%), and dyspnea (n = 5, 17.9%).

CONCLUSION
This is the first randomized trial to evaluate radiation-induced toxicities after IMRT versus 3DCRT in patients with vertebral metastases. This trial demonstrated an additional improvement for IMRT in terms of acute side effects, although longer follow-up is required to further ascertain other endpoints.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Radiation therapy (RT) provides an important treatment approach in the palliative care of vertebral metastases, but radiation-induced toxicities in patients with advanced disease and low performance status can have substantial implications for quality of life. Herein, we prospectively compared toxicity profiles of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs. conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT).

METHODS
This was a prospective randomized monocentric explorative pilot trial to compare radiation-induced toxicity between IMRT and 3DCRT for patients with spinal metastases. A total of 60 patients were randomized between November 2016 and May 2017. In both cohorts, RT was delivered in 10 fractions of 3 Gy each. The primary endpoint was radiation-induced toxicity at 3 months.

RESULTS
Median follow-up was 4.3 months. Two patients suffered from grade 3 acute toxicities in the IMRT arm, along with 1 patient in the 3DCRT group. At 12 weeks after treatment (t2), 1 patient reported grade 3 toxicity in the IMRT arm vs. 4 patients in the 3DCRT group. No grade 4 or 5 adverse events occurred in either group. In the IMRT arm, the most common side effects by the end of irradiation (t1) were grade 1-2 xerostomia and nausea in 8 patients each (29.6%), and dyspnea in 7 patients (25.9%). In the 3DCRT group, the most frequent adverse events (t1) were similar: grade 1-2 xerostomia (n = 10, 35.7%), esophagitis (n = 10, 35.8%), nausea (n = 10, 35.8%), and dyspnea (n = 5, 17.9%).

CONCLUSION
This is the first randomized trial to evaluate radiation-induced toxicities after IMRT versus 3DCRT in patients with vertebral metastases. This trial demonstrated an additional improvement for IMRT in terms of acute side effects, although longer follow-up is required to further ascertain other endpoints.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2018
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 16:20
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:25
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0179-7158
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00066-018-1333-z
PubMed ID:29978307

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