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Induction of human regulatory innate lymphoid cells from group 2 innate lymphoid cells by retinoic acid


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play critical roles in induction and exacerbation of allergic airway inflammation. Thus, clarification of the mechanisms that underlie the regulation of ILC2 activation has received significant attention. Although ILCs are divided into three major subsets that mirror helper effector T-cell subsets, counterpart subsets of regulatory T (Treg) cells have not been well characterized.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the factors that induce regulatory ILCs (ILCregs).
METHODS: IL-10+ ILCregs induced from ILC2s by retinoic acid (RA) were analyzed using RNA-sequencing and flow cytometry. ILCregs were evaluated in human nasal tissues from healthy individuals and patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and in lung tissues from house dust mite (HDM)- or saline-treated mice.
RESULTS: RA induced IL-10 secretion by human ILC2s, but not type-2 cytokines. IL-10+ ILCregs, converted from ILC2s by RA stimulation, expressed a Treg-like signature with the expression of IL-10, CTLA-4 and CD25, with down regulated effector type 2-related markers such as CRTH-2 and ST2, and suppressed activation of CD4+ T cells and ILC2s. ILCregs were rarely detected in human nasal tissue from healthy individuals or lung tissues from saline-treated mice, but were increased in nasal tissues from patients with CRSwNP and in lung tissues from HDM-treated mice. Enzymes for RA synthesis were up-regulated in airway epithelial cells during type-2 inflammation in vivo and by IL-13 in vitro.
CONCLUSION: We have identified a unique immune regulatory and anti-inflammatory pathway by which RA converts ILC2s to ILCregs. Interactions between airway epithelial cells and ILC2s play an important roles in the generation of ILCregs.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play critical roles in induction and exacerbation of allergic airway inflammation. Thus, clarification of the mechanisms that underlie the regulation of ILC2 activation has received significant attention. Although ILCs are divided into three major subsets that mirror helper effector T-cell subsets, counterpart subsets of regulatory T (Treg) cells have not been well characterized.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the factors that induce regulatory ILCs (ILCregs).
METHODS: IL-10+ ILCregs induced from ILC2s by retinoic acid (RA) were analyzed using RNA-sequencing and flow cytometry. ILCregs were evaluated in human nasal tissues from healthy individuals and patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and in lung tissues from house dust mite (HDM)- or saline-treated mice.
RESULTS: RA induced IL-10 secretion by human ILC2s, but not type-2 cytokines. IL-10+ ILCregs, converted from ILC2s by RA stimulation, expressed a Treg-like signature with the expression of IL-10, CTLA-4 and CD25, with down regulated effector type 2-related markers such as CRTH-2 and ST2, and suppressed activation of CD4+ T cells and ILC2s. ILCregs were rarely detected in human nasal tissue from healthy individuals or lung tissues from saline-treated mice, but were increased in nasal tissues from patients with CRSwNP and in lung tissues from HDM-treated mice. Enzymes for RA synthesis were up-regulated in airway epithelial cells during type-2 inflammation in vivo and by IL-13 in vitro.
CONCLUSION: We have identified a unique immune regulatory and anti-inflammatory pathway by which RA converts ILC2s to ILCregs. Interactions between airway epithelial cells and ILC2s play an important roles in the generation of ILCregs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4); Group 2 innate lymphoid cells; IL-33; Regulatory innate lymphoid cells; asthma; chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps; retinoic acid
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:14 Mar 2019 16:44
Last Modified:14 Mar 2019 16:44
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0091-6749
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.12.1018
PubMed ID:30682454

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Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 22 January 2020
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Embargo till: 2020-01-22