Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Serotypes and virulence profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated during 2017 from human infections in Switzerland


Nüesch-Inderbinen, Magdalena; Morach, Marina; Cernela, Nicole; Althaus, Denise; Jost, Marianne; Mäusezahl, Mirjam; Bloomberg, Guido; Stephan, R (2018). Serotypes and virulence profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated during 2017 from human infections in Switzerland. International Journal of Medical Microbiology : IJMM, 308(7):933-939.

Abstract

Since 2015, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health registered an increase of notifications of STEC, probably due to the adoption of culture independent stx screening tests in diagnostic laboratories. This study aimed to identify the serotypes and virulence genes of 120 STEC isolated from human clinical stx positive specimens during 2017 in order to estimate any changes in serotype distribution and toxin profiles of STEC compared to the time span 2010-2014. Culturing of STEC from stool samples was achieved using the streak plate technique on MacConkey agar. We performed O and H serotyping by PCR and by micro array. Virulence genes were identified and subtyped using molecular methods, including stx1 and stx2 subtypes, and the intimin encoding gene, eae. STEC were recovered from 27.5% of the stx positive samples. STEC O157:H7 accounted for 7.5% of all isolates, and STEC O80:H2, O91:H10/H14/H21, O103:H2/H11, and O26:H11 accounted for 36.9% of the non-O157 strains. Forty-five isolates with stx1 variants, 47 with stx2 variants and 28 isolates with both stx1 and stx2 variants were identified. Forty (33.3% of all isolates) carried the subtypes associated with high pathogenic potential, stx2a, stx2c, or stx2d. The eae gene for intimin was detected in 54 strains (45% of all strains). Compared to 2010-2014, our data show that the proportion of the so called "top five" serogroups, STEC O26, O111, O103, and O157 declined from 53.7% to 28.3% in 2017. The proportion of isolates with stx2a, stx2c, or stx2d decreased from 50.5% to 33.3%. We also observed an increase of STEC harbouring the low pathogenic subtypes stx2b and stx2e from 12.6% to 29.2%, and of eae negative STEC from 29.5% in 2010-2014 to 55% in 2017. Simultaneously, there was a sharp increase of the patients' median age from 24 years to 46.5 years. Clinical manifestations in the patients included abdominal pain without diarrhea (22.3%), diarrhea (77.7%), and the haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) (7.4%). Our data show that a greater number and a wider range of STEC serotypes are detected by culture-independent testing, with implications for public health services.

Abstract

Since 2015, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health registered an increase of notifications of STEC, probably due to the adoption of culture independent stx screening tests in diagnostic laboratories. This study aimed to identify the serotypes and virulence genes of 120 STEC isolated from human clinical stx positive specimens during 2017 in order to estimate any changes in serotype distribution and toxin profiles of STEC compared to the time span 2010-2014. Culturing of STEC from stool samples was achieved using the streak plate technique on MacConkey agar. We performed O and H serotyping by PCR and by micro array. Virulence genes were identified and subtyped using molecular methods, including stx1 and stx2 subtypes, and the intimin encoding gene, eae. STEC were recovered from 27.5% of the stx positive samples. STEC O157:H7 accounted for 7.5% of all isolates, and STEC O80:H2, O91:H10/H14/H21, O103:H2/H11, and O26:H11 accounted for 36.9% of the non-O157 strains. Forty-five isolates with stx1 variants, 47 with stx2 variants and 28 isolates with both stx1 and stx2 variants were identified. Forty (33.3% of all isolates) carried the subtypes associated with high pathogenic potential, stx2a, stx2c, or stx2d. The eae gene for intimin was detected in 54 strains (45% of all strains). Compared to 2010-2014, our data show that the proportion of the so called "top five" serogroups, STEC O26, O111, O103, and O157 declined from 53.7% to 28.3% in 2017. The proportion of isolates with stx2a, stx2c, or stx2d decreased from 50.5% to 33.3%. We also observed an increase of STEC harbouring the low pathogenic subtypes stx2b and stx2e from 12.6% to 29.2%, and of eae negative STEC from 29.5% in 2010-2014 to 55% in 2017. Simultaneously, there was a sharp increase of the patients' median age from 24 years to 46.5 years. Clinical manifestations in the patients included abdominal pain without diarrhea (22.3%), diarrhea (77.7%), and the haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) (7.4%). Our data show that a greater number and a wider range of STEC serotypes are detected by culture-independent testing, with implications for public health services.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 13 Feb 2019
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Food Safety and Hygiene
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microbiology (medical), Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, General Medicine, Culture; Human; Multiplex PCR; STEC; Serotypes
Language:English
Date:1 October 2018
Deposited On:13 Feb 2019 08:49
Last Modified:01 Oct 2019 00:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1438-4221
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmm.2018.06.011
PubMed ID:30042042

Download

Download PDF  'Serotypes and virulence profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated during 2017 from human infections in Switzerland'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 209kB
View at publisher