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Suspensory Ligaments of the Female Genital Organs: MRI Evaluation with Intraoperative Correlation


Kaniewska, Malwina; Gołofit, Piotr; Heubner, Martin; Maake, Caroline; Kubik-Huch, Rahel A (2018). Suspensory Ligaments of the Female Genital Organs: MRI Evaluation with Intraoperative Correlation. Radiographics, 38(7):2195-2211.

Abstract

The uterus, which plays an important role in the reproductive process, provides a home for the developing fetus and so must be in a stable, though flexible, location. Various structures with suspensory ligaments help provide this berth. MRI with high spatial resolution allows us to detect and evaluate these relatively fine structures. Under physiologic conditions, MRI can be used to depict uterine and ovarian ligaments (ie, the uterosacral, cardinal, and round ligaments, as well as the suspensory ligament of the ovary). In the presence of pathologic conditions (inflammation, endometriosis, tumors), the suspensory ligaments may appear thickened or invaded, which makes their delineation easier. Understanding the normal anatomy of the suspensory ligaments of the female genital organs and using a standardized nomenclature are essential for identifying and reporting related pathologic conditions. The female pelvic anatomy and the suspensory ligaments of the female genital organs are described as depicted with MRI. Also, the compartmental anatomy of the female pelvis is explained, including the extraperitoneal pelvic spaces. Finally, a checklist is provided for structured reporting of the MRI findings in the female pelvis. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2018.

Abstract

The uterus, which plays an important role in the reproductive process, provides a home for the developing fetus and so must be in a stable, though flexible, location. Various structures with suspensory ligaments help provide this berth. MRI with high spatial resolution allows us to detect and evaluate these relatively fine structures. Under physiologic conditions, MRI can be used to depict uterine and ovarian ligaments (ie, the uterosacral, cardinal, and round ligaments, as well as the suspensory ligament of the ovary). In the presence of pathologic conditions (inflammation, endometriosis, tumors), the suspensory ligaments may appear thickened or invaded, which makes their delineation easier. Understanding the normal anatomy of the suspensory ligaments of the female genital organs and using a standardized nomenclature are essential for identifying and reporting related pathologic conditions. The female pelvic anatomy and the suspensory ligaments of the female genital organs are described as depicted with MRI. Also, the compartmental anatomy of the female pelvis is explained, including the extraperitoneal pelvic spaces. Finally, a checklist is provided for structured reporting of the MRI findings in the female pelvis. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2018.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 09:32
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:26
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0271-5333
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2018180089
PubMed ID:30422765

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