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Keystone taxa as drivers of microbiome structure and functioning


Banerjee, Samiran; Schlaeppi, Klaus; van der Heijden, Marcel G A (2018). Keystone taxa as drivers of microbiome structure and functioning. Nature Reviews. Microbiology, 16(9):567-576.

Abstract

Microorganisms have a pivotal role in the functioning of ecosystems. Recent studies have shown that microbial communities harbour keystone taxa, which drive community composition and function irrespective of their abundance. In this Opinion article, we propose a definition of keystone taxa in microbial ecology and summarize over 200 microbial keystone taxa that have been identified in soil, plant and marine ecosystems, as well as in the human microbiome. We explore the importance of keystone taxa and keystone guilds for microbiome structure and functioning and discuss the factors that determine their distribution and activities.

Abstract

Microorganisms have a pivotal role in the functioning of ecosystems. Recent studies have shown that microbial communities harbour keystone taxa, which drive community composition and function irrespective of their abundance. In this Opinion article, we propose a definition of keystone taxa in microbial ecology and summarize over 200 microbial keystone taxa that have been identified in soil, plant and marine ecosystems, as well as in the human microbiome. We explore the importance of keystone taxa and keystone guilds for microbiome structure and functioning and discuss the factors that determine their distribution and activities.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Immunology and Microbiology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2018
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 09:41
Last Modified:13 Oct 2019 05:56
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1740-1526
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-018-0024-1
PubMed ID:29789680

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