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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance T2* mapping for structural alterations in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


Gastl, Mareike; Gotschy, Alexander; von Spiczak, Jochen; Polacin, Malgorzata; Bönner, Florian; Gruner, Christiane; Kelm, Malte; Ruschitzka, Frank; Alkadhi, Hatem; Kozerke, Sebastian; Manka, Robert (2019). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance T2* mapping for structural alterations in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. European Journal of Radiology Open, 6:78-84.

Abstract

Purpose
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by a heterogeneous morphology and variable prognosis. A mismatch between left ventricular mass (LVM) and microvascular circulation with corresponding relative ischemia has been implicated to cause myocardial replacement fibrosis that deteriorates prognosis. Besides parametric T1 mapping, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) T2* mapping is able to identify ischemia as well as fibrosis in cardiac and extracardiac diseases. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the value of T2* mapping to characterize structural alterations in patients with HCM.
Methods
CMR was performed on a 1.5 T MR imaging system (Achieva, Philips, Best, Netherlands) using a 5-channel coil in patients with HCM (n = 103, 50.6 ± 16.4 years) and in age- and gender-matched controls (n = 20, 44.8 ± 16.9 years). T2* mapping (1 midventricular short axis slice) was acquired in addition to late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). T2* values were compared between patients with HCM and controls as well as between HCM patients with- and without fibrosis.
Results
HCM patients showed significantly decreased T2* values compared to controls (26.2 ± 4.6 vs. 31.3 ± 4.3 ms, p < 0.001). Especially patients with myocardial fibrosis presented with decreased T2* values in comparison to those without fibrosis (25.2 ± 4.0 vs. 28.7 ± 5.3 ms, p = 0.003). A regression model including maximum wall thickness, LVM and T2* values provided good overall diagnostic accuracy of 80% to diagnose HCM with and without fibrosis.
Conclusion
In this study, parametric mapping identified lower T2* values in HCM patients compared to controls, especially in a sub-group of patients with myocardial fibrosis. As myocardial fibrosis has been suggested to influence prognosis of patients with HCM, T2* mapping may add information for identifying a higher risk sub-group of HCM patients.

Abstract

Purpose
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by a heterogeneous morphology and variable prognosis. A mismatch between left ventricular mass (LVM) and microvascular circulation with corresponding relative ischemia has been implicated to cause myocardial replacement fibrosis that deteriorates prognosis. Besides parametric T1 mapping, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) T2* mapping is able to identify ischemia as well as fibrosis in cardiac and extracardiac diseases. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the value of T2* mapping to characterize structural alterations in patients with HCM.
Methods
CMR was performed on a 1.5 T MR imaging system (Achieva, Philips, Best, Netherlands) using a 5-channel coil in patients with HCM (n = 103, 50.6 ± 16.4 years) and in age- and gender-matched controls (n = 20, 44.8 ± 16.9 years). T2* mapping (1 midventricular short axis slice) was acquired in addition to late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). T2* values were compared between patients with HCM and controls as well as between HCM patients with- and without fibrosis.
Results
HCM patients showed significantly decreased T2* values compared to controls (26.2 ± 4.6 vs. 31.3 ± 4.3 ms, p < 0.001). Especially patients with myocardial fibrosis presented with decreased T2* values in comparison to those without fibrosis (25.2 ± 4.0 vs. 28.7 ± 5.3 ms, p = 0.003). A regression model including maximum wall thickness, LVM and T2* values provided good overall diagnostic accuracy of 80% to diagnose HCM with and without fibrosis.
Conclusion
In this study, parametric mapping identified lower T2* values in HCM patients compared to controls, especially in a sub-group of patients with myocardial fibrosis. As myocardial fibrosis has been suggested to influence prognosis of patients with HCM, T2* mapping may add information for identifying a higher risk sub-group of HCM patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:15 Mar 2019 14:58
Last Modified:01 Oct 2019 11:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-0477
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejro.2019.01.007
PubMed ID:30775414

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