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Development of an anthropomorphic spine phantom suitable for fusion of MR neurography with interventional flat-panel CT


Kobe, Adrian; Zadory, Matthias; Hamie, Qeumars M; Froehlich, Johannes M; Klarhöfer, Markus; Elsässer, Thilo; Pfammatter, Thomas; Guggenberger, Roman (2019). Development of an anthropomorphic spine phantom suitable for fusion of MR neurography with interventional flat-panel CT. European Journal of Radiology, 112:153-160.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To design a spine phantom suitable for fusion of MR neurography (MRN) with interventional flat panel computed tomography (FPCT) images from tissue-equivalent agarose gels and artificial nerves in MRI, including material with equal attenuation to bone in computed tomography (CT).
METHODS
T1-/T2-relaxation times of target tissue were determined in vivo (n = 5) using MR mapping-techniques. Serial dilution of castor oil lipogels was performed ex vivo in order to define correct composition for tissue-equivalent relaxation times. Similarly, serial dilution series of calcium carbonate (CaCO) and barium sulphate (BaSO) in synthetic resin were used to adjust radiodensity of selected vertebral bodies (L1-L5) and sacrum in CT. Nerve tissue was simulated with agarose-impregnated polyethylene fibers. Spine phantom was assembled using respective components in anthropomorphic geometry. A fat-saturated, T2-weighted 3D SPACE STIR sequence was acquired for MRN and subsequently fused with an on-site FPCT scan of the phantom.
RESULTS
In vivo T1-/T2-values for fat tissue were found to be at 394 ± 16 ms and 161 ± 16 ms, corresponding to a castor oil concentration of 50%. Analogously, bone marrow-equivalent values were measured at 822 ± 21 ms and 67 ± 6 ms, simulated with 40% castor oil. Cortical bone-like radiodensity of 1'115 ± 80 HU was achieved for artificial bone with 30% CaCO and 1.5% BaSO. Simulated nerves were successfully depicted in MRN and fused with FPCT, combining optimal contrasts for nerves and bones on-site.
CONCLUSIONS
The customized phantom showed analogous tissue contrasts to in vivo conditions in both MRN and FPCT, facilitating simulations of fusion-image guided spine interventions.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To design a spine phantom suitable for fusion of MR neurography (MRN) with interventional flat panel computed tomography (FPCT) images from tissue-equivalent agarose gels and artificial nerves in MRI, including material with equal attenuation to bone in computed tomography (CT).
METHODS
T1-/T2-relaxation times of target tissue were determined in vivo (n = 5) using MR mapping-techniques. Serial dilution of castor oil lipogels was performed ex vivo in order to define correct composition for tissue-equivalent relaxation times. Similarly, serial dilution series of calcium carbonate (CaCO) and barium sulphate (BaSO) in synthetic resin were used to adjust radiodensity of selected vertebral bodies (L1-L5) and sacrum in CT. Nerve tissue was simulated with agarose-impregnated polyethylene fibers. Spine phantom was assembled using respective components in anthropomorphic geometry. A fat-saturated, T2-weighted 3D SPACE STIR sequence was acquired for MRN and subsequently fused with an on-site FPCT scan of the phantom.
RESULTS
In vivo T1-/T2-values for fat tissue were found to be at 394 ± 16 ms and 161 ± 16 ms, corresponding to a castor oil concentration of 50%. Analogously, bone marrow-equivalent values were measured at 822 ± 21 ms and 67 ± 6 ms, simulated with 40% castor oil. Cortical bone-like radiodensity of 1'115 ± 80 HU was achieved for artificial bone with 30% CaCO and 1.5% BaSO. Simulated nerves were successfully depicted in MRN and fused with FPCT, combining optimal contrasts for nerves and bones on-site.
CONCLUSIONS
The customized phantom showed analogous tissue contrasts to in vivo conditions in both MRN and FPCT, facilitating simulations of fusion-image guided spine interventions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:March 2019
Deposited On:15 Mar 2019 15:56
Last Modified:15 Mar 2019 15:56
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.01.019
PubMed ID:30777205

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