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MRI texture analysis for differentiation of malignant and benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver


Stocker, Daniel; Marquez, Herman P; Wagner, Matthias W; Raptis, Dimitri A; Clavien, Pierre-Alain; Boss, Andreas; Fischer, Michael A; Wurnig, Moritz C (2018). MRI texture analysis for differentiation of malignant and benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver. Heliyon, 4(11):e00987.

Abstract

Purpose
To find potentially diagnostic texture analysis (TA) features and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) magnetic resonance (MR) TA for differentiation between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver in an exploratory MR-study.
Materials and methods
108 non-cirrhotic patients (62 female; 41.5 ± 18.3 years) undergoing preoperative contrast-enhanced MRI were retrospectively included in this multi-center-study. TA including gray-level histogram, co-occurrence and run-length matrix features (total 19 features) was performed by two independent readers. Native fat-saturated-T1w and T2w as well as arterial and portal-venous post contrast-enhanced 2D-image-slices were assessed. Conventional reading was performed by two separate independent readers. Differences in TA features between HCC and benign lesions were investigated using independent sample t-tests. Logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain the optimal number/combination of TA-features and diagnostic accuracy of TA analysis. Sensitivity and specificity of the better performing radiologist were compared to TA analysis.
Results
The highest number of significantly differing TA-features (n = 5) was found using the arterial-phase images including one gray-level histogram (skewness, p = 0.018) and four run-length matrix features (all, p < 0.02). The optimal binary logistic regression model for TA-features of the arterial-phase images contained 13 parameters with an accuracy of 84.5% (sensitivity 84.1%, specificity 84.9%) and area-under-the-curve of 0.92 (95%-confidence-interval 0.85-0.98) for diagnosis of HCC. Conventional reading yielded a significantly lower sensitivity (63.6%, p = 0.027) and no significant difference in specificity (94.6%, p = 0.289) at best.
Conclusion
2D-TA of MR images is a feasible objective method that may help to distinguish HCC from benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver. Most promising results were found in TA features in the arterial phase images.

Abstract

Purpose
To find potentially diagnostic texture analysis (TA) features and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) magnetic resonance (MR) TA for differentiation between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver in an exploratory MR-study.
Materials and methods
108 non-cirrhotic patients (62 female; 41.5 ± 18.3 years) undergoing preoperative contrast-enhanced MRI were retrospectively included in this multi-center-study. TA including gray-level histogram, co-occurrence and run-length matrix features (total 19 features) was performed by two independent readers. Native fat-saturated-T1w and T2w as well as arterial and portal-venous post contrast-enhanced 2D-image-slices were assessed. Conventional reading was performed by two separate independent readers. Differences in TA features between HCC and benign lesions were investigated using independent sample t-tests. Logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain the optimal number/combination of TA-features and diagnostic accuracy of TA analysis. Sensitivity and specificity of the better performing radiologist were compared to TA analysis.
Results
The highest number of significantly differing TA-features (n = 5) was found using the arterial-phase images including one gray-level histogram (skewness, p = 0.018) and four run-length matrix features (all, p < 0.02). The optimal binary logistic regression model for TA-features of the arterial-phase images contained 13 parameters with an accuracy of 84.5% (sensitivity 84.1%, specificity 84.9%) and area-under-the-curve of 0.92 (95%-confidence-interval 0.85-0.98) for diagnosis of HCC. Conventional reading yielded a significantly lower sensitivity (63.6%, p = 0.027) and no significant difference in specificity (94.6%, p = 0.289) at best.
Conclusion
2D-TA of MR images is a feasible objective method that may help to distinguish HCC from benign hepatocellular tumors in the non-cirrhotic liver. Most promising results were found in TA features in the arterial phase images.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2018
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 12:40
Last Modified:05 Feb 2020 13:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2405-8440
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00987
PubMed ID:30761374

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