This report describes lead poisoning in veal calves, which had licked a wooden wall painted with lead-bearing paint Within one year, nine of approximately 30 calves died with consistent clinical signs. Affected calves appeared healthy prior to the sudden onset of convulsions that led to their death, usually before the attending veterinarian arrived. One calf with signs of central nervous system disease was referred to our clinic. Clinical examination revealed apathy, bruxism, decreased appetite and a moderately disturbed general condition and behaviour. The calf had a base-wide stance in front, partially closed eyelids, central blindness and impaired proprioception. During examination, the calf had tonic-clonic convulsions. High concentrations of lead were found in blood and kidney samples from this calf and in blood samples from two others. Histological examination of kidney specimens revealed typical acid-fast inclusion bodies in tubule cells. After removal of the lead-bearing paint from the wall, no more deaths occurred.