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Beta EEG band: a measure of functional brain damage and language reorganization in aphasic patients after recovery


Spironelli, Chiara; Manfredi, Mirella; Angrilli, Alessandro (2013). Beta EEG band: a measure of functional brain damage and language reorganization in aphasic patients after recovery. Cortex, 49(10):2650-2660.

Abstract

Functional reorganization of language was investigated in a group of eleven non-fluent aphasic patients after linguistic recovery and in a group of matched healthy adults. The ElectroEncephaloGram (EEG) was recorded from 38 scalp electrodes and high-beta band (21-28 Hz), an index of cognitive cortical arousal, was computed as normalized percentage across 0-100 Hz spectral range in six electrode clusters during three linguistic tasks: Phonological, Semantic and Orthographic/visuo-perceptual. During the Phonological task, controls showed greater beta activation on left versus right central cluster, whereas aphasic patients exhibited an inverted pattern of lateralization. In addition, patients' left central cluster, located over the core lesion, showed reduced beta activity with respect to controls. A similar inhibited activation was found in aphasics' left posterior cluster located over undamaged areas. At left anterior locations, aphasics, unlike controls, exhibited larger left versus right beta activity during both Phonological and Orthographic/visuo-perceptual tasks. Results point to substantial reorganization of language in recovered non-fluent aphasics at left prefrontal sites located anterior to the damaged Broca's area and inhibited language-related activation in left posterior undamaged, but disconnected, regions.

Abstract

Functional reorganization of language was investigated in a group of eleven non-fluent aphasic patients after linguistic recovery and in a group of matched healthy adults. The ElectroEncephaloGram (EEG) was recorded from 38 scalp electrodes and high-beta band (21-28 Hz), an index of cognitive cortical arousal, was computed as normalized percentage across 0-100 Hz spectral range in six electrode clusters during three linguistic tasks: Phonological, Semantic and Orthographic/visuo-perceptual. During the Phonological task, controls showed greater beta activation on left versus right central cluster, whereas aphasic patients exhibited an inverted pattern of lateralization. In addition, patients' left central cluster, located over the core lesion, showed reduced beta activity with respect to controls. A similar inhibited activation was found in aphasics' left posterior cluster located over undamaged areas. At left anterior locations, aphasics, unlike controls, exhibited larger left versus right beta activity during both Phonological and Orthographic/visuo-perceptual tasks. Results point to substantial reorganization of language in recovered non-fluent aphasics at left prefrontal sites located anterior to the damaged Broca's area and inhibited language-related activation in left posterior undamaged, but disconnected, regions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:04 Mar 2019 14:19
Last Modified:04 Mar 2019 14:19
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0010-9452
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2013.05.003
PubMed ID:23810123

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