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Effect of orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Papageorgiou, Spyridon N; Xavier, Guilherme M; Cobourne, Martyn T; Eliades, Theodore (2018). Effect of orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Orthodontics & craniofacial research, 21(4):175-185.

Abstract

The aim of this systematic review was to assess qualitative changes induced by fixed appliance orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota. Seven databases were searched up to August 2017 for randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies assessing the effect of orthodontic appliances on the subgingival bacteria in human patients. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random-effects meta-analyses of relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed. According to controlled studies, the presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in the subgingival crevicular fluid of orthodontic patients was increased 3-6 months after fixed appliance insertion compared to untreated patients (2 studies; RR = 15.54; 95% CI = 3.19-75.85). There was still increased subgingival prevalence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (3 studies; RR = 3.98; 95% CI = 1.23-12.89) and Tannerella forsythia in orthodontic patients up to 6 months after appliance removal compared to untreated patients. However, caution is warranted due to high risk of bias and imprecision. Insertion of orthodontic fixed appliances seems to be associated with a qualitative change of subgingival microbiota, which reverts to some extent back to normal in the first months after appliance removal. However, there is limited evidence on the timing and extent of these changes.

Abstract

The aim of this systematic review was to assess qualitative changes induced by fixed appliance orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota. Seven databases were searched up to August 2017 for randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies assessing the effect of orthodontic appliances on the subgingival bacteria in human patients. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random-effects meta-analyses of relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed. According to controlled studies, the presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in the subgingival crevicular fluid of orthodontic patients was increased 3-6 months after fixed appliance insertion compared to untreated patients (2 studies; RR = 15.54; 95% CI = 3.19-75.85). There was still increased subgingival prevalence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (3 studies; RR = 3.98; 95% CI = 1.23-12.89) and Tannerella forsythia in orthodontic patients up to 6 months after appliance removal compared to untreated patients. However, caution is warranted due to high risk of bias and imprecision. Insertion of orthodontic fixed appliances seems to be associated with a qualitative change of subgingival microbiota, which reverts to some extent back to normal in the first months after appliance removal. However, there is limited evidence on the timing and extent of these changes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthodontics
Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Oral Surgery
Health Sciences > Otorhinolaryngology
Language:English
Date:November 2018
Deposited On:18 Mar 2019 10:42
Last Modified:15 Apr 2020 23:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1601-6335
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12237
PubMed ID:30028077

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