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Assessing the accuracy of a large observational registry of neovascular age-related macular degeneration


Nguyen, Vuong; Leung, King Fai Calvin; Nguyen, Chu Luan; Squirrell, David; Essex, Rohan; Arnold, Jennifer; Young, Stephanie; Barthelmes, Daniel; Gillies, Mark (2020). Assessing the accuracy of a large observational registry of neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Retina, 40(5):866-872.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy of an observational database that tracks real-world treatment outcomes for neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
METHODS We audited 245 randomly sampled eyes from 189 patients with 3,356 visits from 11 doctors in the Fight Retinal Blindness!
DATABASE Sex, birth year, previous treatments received, treatment, and visual acuity were validated against the clinical notes. Error rates, the proportion of missed visits (the number of visits present in the patient record but not entered into Fight Retinal Blindness!), the level of agreement using Cohen's kappa (κ) and intraclass correlation coefficients, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated. A visual acuity error was defined as an absolute difference of ≥5 letters.
RESULTS The overall error rate was 3.5% (95% confidence interval: 3.1-3.9). The error rate for visual acuity was 5.1% (95% confidence interval: 4.2-5.9) and <5% for the remaining fields. The level of agreement for each field ranged from good to excellent (κ or intraclass correlation ≥ 0.75). The positive predictive value and negative predictive value for visits were 99% and 89%, respectively. The proportion of missed visits was 10.2%.
CONCLUSION Accuracy of the Fight Retinal Blindness! database was good (>95%). The rate of missed visits was high, possibly due to the high burden of retrospective data entry or patients switching practitioners during treatment.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy of an observational database that tracks real-world treatment outcomes for neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
METHODS We audited 245 randomly sampled eyes from 189 patients with 3,356 visits from 11 doctors in the Fight Retinal Blindness!
DATABASE Sex, birth year, previous treatments received, treatment, and visual acuity were validated against the clinical notes. Error rates, the proportion of missed visits (the number of visits present in the patient record but not entered into Fight Retinal Blindness!), the level of agreement using Cohen's kappa (κ) and intraclass correlation coefficients, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated. A visual acuity error was defined as an absolute difference of ≥5 letters.
RESULTS The overall error rate was 3.5% (95% confidence interval: 3.1-3.9). The error rate for visual acuity was 5.1% (95% confidence interval: 4.2-5.9) and <5% for the remaining fields. The level of agreement for each field ranged from good to excellent (κ or intraclass correlation ≥ 0.75). The positive predictive value and negative predictive value for visits were 99% and 89%, respectively. The proportion of missed visits was 10.2%.
CONCLUSION Accuracy of the Fight Retinal Blindness! database was good (>95%). The rate of missed visits was high, possibly due to the high burden of retrospective data entry or patients switching practitioners during treatment.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:Fight Retinal Blindness! Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 2020
Deposited On:21 Mar 2019 14:29
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 10:29
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0275-004X
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000002485
PubMed ID:30821728

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