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Differential modulation of cognitive control networks by monetary reward and punishment


Cubillo, Ana; Makwana, Aidan B; Hare, Todd A (2019). Differential modulation of cognitive control networks by monetary reward and punishment. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14(3):305-317.

Abstract

Incentives are primary determinants of if and how well an organism will perform a given behavior. Here, we examined how incentive valence and magnitude influence task switching, a critical cognitive control process, and test the predictions that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the ventral striatum (vStr) function as key nodes linking motivation and control systems in the brain. Our results indicate that reward and punishment incentives have both common and distinct effects on cognitive control at the behavioral and neurobiological levels. For example, reward incentives led to greater activity in the ACC during the engagement of control relative to punishments. Furthermore, the neural responses to reward and punishment differed as a function of individual sensitivity to each incentive valence. Functional connectivity analyses suggest a role for vStr in signaling motivational value during cognitive control and as a potential link between motivation and control networks. Overall, our findings suggest that similar changes in observed behavior (e.g. response accuracy) under reward and punishment incentives are mediated by, at least partially, distinct neurobiological substrates.

Abstract

Incentives are primary determinants of if and how well an organism will perform a given behavior. Here, we examined how incentive valence and magnitude influence task switching, a critical cognitive control process, and test the predictions that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the ventral striatum (vStr) function as key nodes linking motivation and control systems in the brain. Our results indicate that reward and punishment incentives have both common and distinct effects on cognitive control at the behavioral and neurobiological levels. For example, reward incentives led to greater activity in the ACC during the engagement of control relative to punishments. Furthermore, the neural responses to reward and punishment differed as a function of individual sensitivity to each incentive valence. Functional connectivity analyses suggest a role for vStr in signaling motivational value during cognitive control and as a potential link between motivation and control networks. Overall, our findings suggest that similar changes in observed behavior (e.g. response accuracy) under reward and punishment incentives are mediated by, at least partially, distinct neurobiological substrates.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Anterior cingulate cortex, ventral striatum, cognitive control, punishment, reward, experimental and cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, general medicine, anterior cingulate cortex, ventral striatum, cognitive control, punishment, reward
Language:English
Date:March 2019
Deposited On:19 Mar 2019 13:25
Last Modified:19 Mar 2019 13:25
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1749-5016
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz006
Official URL:https://academic.oup.com/scan/article/14/3/305/5303799
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID51NF40-104897
  • : Project TitleNCCR Affective Sciences: Emotion in Individual Behavior and Social Processes (phase I)
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014_140277
  • : Project TitleInteractions between social signals, stress, and self-control

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