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Lungenabszess, Pleuraerguss und Aszites bei einem Rind mit Vena-cava-caudalis-Thrombose


Braun, Ueli; Feller, B; Trachsel, Dagmar S; Rütten, Maja; Augsburger, H (2007). Lungenabszess, Pleuraerguss und Aszites bei einem Rind mit Vena-cava-caudalis-Thrombose. DTW: Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 114(5):165-170.

Abstract

This case report describes a 1.5-year-old heifer with a lung abscess likely caused by rupture of a septic thrombus in the caudal vena cava.The heifer had been referred to the Department of Farm Animals because of chronic diarrhea and weight loss.The main clinical findings were a moderately abnormal general con-dition, stunted growth,thin body condition, increased rectal temperature, in-creased heart and respiratory rates, spontaneous cough and venous congestion. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a large volume of fluid in the left half of the thoracic cavity.The right lung was almost entirely necrotic, and ultrasono-graphy revealed intrapulmonary fluid containing echogenic fibrin masses.Centesis ofthe intrapulmonary fluid yielded an exudate.A large amount of anechogenic fluid was visible in the abdomen,and the liver was enlarged.The caudal vena cava was dilated and appeared oval rather than triangulär on cross-sectional images. Because of the severity of the lesions, the heifer was euthanased and necropsied. Thorax and abdomen contained a large volume of fluid, and the liver was chron-ically congested.The hepatic veins of the right lobe of the liver were dilated and partially filled with pus.An abscess was also found in the right lobe of the liver. There were adhesions between the right lung and thoracic wall.A large part of the right lung had undergone coagulation necrosis. In the remaining right dia-phragmatic lung lobe, there was a large abscess, which was attached to the cau-dal vena cava overan area of 4centimetres. In this region,the caudal vena cava was filled with pus and completely obstructed. Based on all the findings, the diagnosis hepatitis with abscessation, suppurative thromboplebitis of the cauda vena cava and abscess in the right diaphragmatic lung lobe was made.

Abstract

This case report describes a 1.5-year-old heifer with a lung abscess likely caused by rupture of a septic thrombus in the caudal vena cava.The heifer had been referred to the Department of Farm Animals because of chronic diarrhea and weight loss.The main clinical findings were a moderately abnormal general con-dition, stunted growth,thin body condition, increased rectal temperature, in-creased heart and respiratory rates, spontaneous cough and venous congestion. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a large volume of fluid in the left half of the thoracic cavity.The right lung was almost entirely necrotic, and ultrasono-graphy revealed intrapulmonary fluid containing echogenic fibrin masses.Centesis ofthe intrapulmonary fluid yielded an exudate.A large amount of anechogenic fluid was visible in the abdomen,and the liver was enlarged.The caudal vena cava was dilated and appeared oval rather than triangulär on cross-sectional images. Because of the severity of the lesions, the heifer was euthanased and necropsied. Thorax and abdomen contained a large volume of fluid, and the liver was chron-ically congested.The hepatic veins of the right lobe of the liver were dilated and partially filled with pus.An abscess was also found in the right lobe of the liver. There were adhesions between the right lung and thoracic wall.A large part of the right lung had undergone coagulation necrosis. In the remaining right dia-phragmatic lung lobe, there was a large abscess, which was attached to the cau-dal vena cava overan area of 4centimetres. In this region,the caudal vena cava was filled with pus and completely obstructed. Based on all the findings, the diagnosis hepatitis with abscessation, suppurative thromboplebitis of the cauda vena cava and abscess in the right diaphragmatic lung lobe was made.

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Other titles:Lung abscess, pleural effusion and ascites in a heifer with thrombosis ofthe caudal vena cava
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:German
Date:2007
Deposited On:31 Mar 2019 09:44
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:32
Publisher:Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft
ISSN:0341-6593
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2377/0341-6593-114-165

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