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Focal adhesion kinase coordinates costamere-related JNK signaling with muscle fiber transformation after Achilles tenotomy and tendon reconstruction


Ferrié, Céline; Kasper, Stephanie; Wanivenhaus, Florian; Flück, Martin (2019). Focal adhesion kinase coordinates costamere-related JNK signaling with muscle fiber transformation after Achilles tenotomy and tendon reconstruction. Experimental and Molecular Pathology, 108:42-56.

Abstract

Achilles tendon rupture necessitates rapid tendon reattachment to reinstate plantar flexion before affected muscles deteriorate through muscle fiber atrophy and transformation. The implicated process may involve alterations in sarcolemmal sites of myofibril attachment (costameres), which control myofibrillogenesis via a mechano-regulated mechanism through integrin-associated focal adhesion kinase (FAK). We assessed the contribution of FAK to alterations in fiber type composition and expression of costamere-associated structural proteins, the phosphorylation status of Y397-FAK and downstream mTOR/JNK-P70S6K hypertrophy signaling in rat soleus muscle after Achilles tenotomy and tendon repair. Achilles tenotomy induced a profound deterioration of muscle composition 14 days, but not 4 days, following tendon release, comprising specifically increased area percentages of fast type fibers, fibers with internal nuclei, and connective tissue. Concomitantly, expression of costameric proteins FAK and meta-vinculin, and phosphorylation of T421/S424-P70S6K and T183/Y185-JNK was elevated, all of which was mitigated by tendon reattachment immediately after release. Overexpression of FAK in soleus muscle fibers and reattachment corrected the expression of meta- and gamma-vinculin isoforms to the lower levels in mock controls while further enhancing T183/Y185-JNK phosphorylation and levels of FAK C-terminus-related inhibitory proteins. Co-overexpression of the FAK inhibitor, FRNK, lowered FAK-overexpression driven Y397-FAK phosphorylation and T183/Y185-JNK phosphorylation. FAK levels correlated to molecular and cellular hallmarks of fiber degeneration. The findings demarcate the window between 4 and 14 days after tenotomy as costamere-dependent muscle transformation process, and expose that FAK overexpression prevents molecular aspects of the pathology which within the study limitations does not result in the mitigation of muscle fiber degeneration.250 words.

Abstract

Achilles tendon rupture necessitates rapid tendon reattachment to reinstate plantar flexion before affected muscles deteriorate through muscle fiber atrophy and transformation. The implicated process may involve alterations in sarcolemmal sites of myofibril attachment (costameres), which control myofibrillogenesis via a mechano-regulated mechanism through integrin-associated focal adhesion kinase (FAK). We assessed the contribution of FAK to alterations in fiber type composition and expression of costamere-associated structural proteins, the phosphorylation status of Y397-FAK and downstream mTOR/JNK-P70S6K hypertrophy signaling in rat soleus muscle after Achilles tenotomy and tendon repair. Achilles tenotomy induced a profound deterioration of muscle composition 14 days, but not 4 days, following tendon release, comprising specifically increased area percentages of fast type fibers, fibers with internal nuclei, and connective tissue. Concomitantly, expression of costameric proteins FAK and meta-vinculin, and phosphorylation of T421/S424-P70S6K and T183/Y185-JNK was elevated, all of which was mitigated by tendon reattachment immediately after release. Overexpression of FAK in soleus muscle fibers and reattachment corrected the expression of meta- and gamma-vinculin isoforms to the lower levels in mock controls while further enhancing T183/Y185-JNK phosphorylation and levels of FAK C-terminus-related inhibitory proteins. Co-overexpression of the FAK inhibitor, FRNK, lowered FAK-overexpression driven Y397-FAK phosphorylation and T183/Y185-JNK phosphorylation. FAK levels correlated to molecular and cellular hallmarks of fiber degeneration. The findings demarcate the window between 4 and 14 days after tenotomy as costamere-dependent muscle transformation process, and expose that FAK overexpression prevents molecular aspects of the pathology which within the study limitations does not result in the mitigation of muscle fiber degeneration.250 words.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Clinical Biochemistry
Language:English
Date:15 March 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2020 11:54
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 10:33
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-4800
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2019.03.006
PubMed ID:30879953

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