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WNT3a and WNT5a Transported by Exosomes Activate WNT Signaling Pathways in Human Cardiac Fibroblasts


Działo, Edyta; Rudnik, Michał; Koning, Roman I; Czepiel, Marcin; Tkacz, Karolina; Baj-Krzyworzeka, Monika; Distler, Oliver; Siedlar, Maciej; Kania, Gabriela; Błyszczuk, Przemysław (2019). WNT3a and WNT5a Transported by Exosomes Activate WNT Signaling Pathways in Human Cardiac Fibroblasts. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(6):E1436.

Abstract

WNT signaling plays an important role in fibrotic processes in the heart. Recently, exosomes have been proposed as novel extracellular transporters for WNT proteins. In this study, we analyzed whether WNT3a and WNT5a carried by exosomes could activate downstream molecular pathways in human cardiac fibroblasts. Exosomes were isolated from conditioned medium of control, WNT3a- and WNT5a-producing L cells by differential ultracentrifugations. Obtained exosomes showed size ranging between 20⁻150 nm and expressed exosomal markers ALG-2-interacting protein X (ALIX) and CD63. Treatment with WNT3a-rich exosomes inhibited activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), induced nuclear translocation of β-catenin, and activated T-cell factor (TCF)/lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF) transcription factors as well as expression of WNT/β-catenin responsive genes in cardiac fibroblasts, but did not coactivate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and activator protein 1 (AP-1) signaling pathways. In contrast, exosomes produced by WNT5a-producing L cells failed to activate β-catenin-dependent response, but successfully triggered phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and JNK and stimulated IL-6 production. In conclusion, exosomes containing WNT proteins can functionally contribute to cardiac fibrosis by activating profibrotic WNT pathways on cardiac fibroblasts and may represent a novel mechanism of spreading profibrotic signals in the heart.

Abstract

WNT signaling plays an important role in fibrotic processes in the heart. Recently, exosomes have been proposed as novel extracellular transporters for WNT proteins. In this study, we analyzed whether WNT3a and WNT5a carried by exosomes could activate downstream molecular pathways in human cardiac fibroblasts. Exosomes were isolated from conditioned medium of control, WNT3a- and WNT5a-producing L cells by differential ultracentrifugations. Obtained exosomes showed size ranging between 20⁻150 nm and expressed exosomal markers ALG-2-interacting protein X (ALIX) and CD63. Treatment with WNT3a-rich exosomes inhibited activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), induced nuclear translocation of β-catenin, and activated T-cell factor (TCF)/lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF) transcription factors as well as expression of WNT/β-catenin responsive genes in cardiac fibroblasts, but did not coactivate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and activator protein 1 (AP-1) signaling pathways. In contrast, exosomes produced by WNT5a-producing L cells failed to activate β-catenin-dependent response, but successfully triggered phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and JNK and stimulated IL-6 production. In conclusion, exosomes containing WNT proteins can functionally contribute to cardiac fibrosis by activating profibrotic WNT pathways on cardiac fibroblasts and may represent a novel mechanism of spreading profibrotic signals in the heart.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Catalysis
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Physical Sciences > Spectroscopy
Physical Sciences > Computer Science Applications
Physical Sciences > Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Inorganic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:21 March 2019
Deposited On:09 May 2019 14:01
Last Modified:15 Apr 2020 23:41
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:1422-0067
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061436
PubMed ID:30901906

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