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Predictors for reoperation after lower limb amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease


Berli, Martin C; Wanivenhaus, Florian; Kabelitz, Method; Götschi, Tobias; Böni, Thomas; Rancic, Zoran; Waibel, Felix W A (2019). Predictors for reoperation after lower limb amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Vasa, 48:419-424.

Abstract

Major amputations in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) carry a high risk for complications, including revision of the amputation, sometimes to a higher level. Determining a safe level for amputation with good wound healing potential depends largely on vascular measurements. This study evaluated potential predictive factors for revision of major lower extremity amputations in patients with PAD. A retrospective chart review of all major lower extremity amputations at our institution was conducted. Amputations due to trauma or tumor and below-ankle amputations were excluded. Patient demographics, level/type of amputation, level/time of revision, comorbidities and risk factors were extracted. 180 patients with PAD, mean age 66.48 (range: 31-93) years, 125 (69.4%) male were included. Most (154/180, 86.6%) underwent below-knee amputation. 71 (39.4%) patients had coronary arterial disease, 104 (57.8%) had diabetes. More than half of patients, (93/138; 51.7%) had undergone previous balloon angioplasty. 44 (30%) patients required revision surgery: 42/180 (23.3%) were revised at the same level, and in 12/180 (6.7%) a more proximal amputation was necessary. PAD stage was not associated with the level of reamputation (p = 0.4369). Significantly more patients who had previous balloon angioplasty required revision surgery (66.7% versus 45.2%, p = 0.009). 67 (37.2%) patients underwent preoperative TcPO2 measurement: 40/67 (59.7%) had TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg; 4/67 (6%) had TcPO2 < 10 mmHG. Three patients with TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg, one with 30 mmHg ≤ TcPO2 ≤ 40 mmHg and one with 10 mmHg ≤ TcPO2 ≤ 20 mmHg required re-amputation to a more proximal level. TcPO2 measurements are useful for determining level of lower limb amputation and predicting wound healing problems when an amputation level with TcPO2 < 40 mmHg is chosen. In transtibial amputations, TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg does not safely predict wound healing.

Abstract

Major amputations in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) carry a high risk for complications, including revision of the amputation, sometimes to a higher level. Determining a safe level for amputation with good wound healing potential depends largely on vascular measurements. This study evaluated potential predictive factors for revision of major lower extremity amputations in patients with PAD. A retrospective chart review of all major lower extremity amputations at our institution was conducted. Amputations due to trauma or tumor and below-ankle amputations were excluded. Patient demographics, level/type of amputation, level/time of revision, comorbidities and risk factors were extracted. 180 patients with PAD, mean age 66.48 (range: 31-93) years, 125 (69.4%) male were included. Most (154/180, 86.6%) underwent below-knee amputation. 71 (39.4%) patients had coronary arterial disease, 104 (57.8%) had diabetes. More than half of patients, (93/138; 51.7%) had undergone previous balloon angioplasty. 44 (30%) patients required revision surgery: 42/180 (23.3%) were revised at the same level, and in 12/180 (6.7%) a more proximal amputation was necessary. PAD stage was not associated with the level of reamputation (p = 0.4369). Significantly more patients who had previous balloon angioplasty required revision surgery (66.7% versus 45.2%, p = 0.009). 67 (37.2%) patients underwent preoperative TcPO2 measurement: 40/67 (59.7%) had TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg; 4/67 (6%) had TcPO2 < 10 mmHG. Three patients with TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg, one with 30 mmHg ≤ TcPO2 ≤ 40 mmHg and one with 10 mmHg ≤ TcPO2 ≤ 20 mmHg required re-amputation to a more proximal level. TcPO2 measurements are useful for determining level of lower limb amputation and predicting wound healing problems when an amputation level with TcPO2 < 40 mmHg is chosen. In transtibial amputations, TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg does not safely predict wound healing.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:7 May 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2020 13:00
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 10:43
Publisher:Hogrefe Verlag
ISSN:0301-1526
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000796
PubMed ID:31063045

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