Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Economic and health burden of brucellosis in Kazakhstan


Charypkhan, Duriya; Sultanov, Akhmetzhan A; Ivanov, Nikolay P; Baramova, Sholpan A; Taitubayev, Mereke K; Torgerson, Paul R (2019). Economic and health burden of brucellosis in Kazakhstan. Zoonoses and Public Health, 66(5):487-494.

Abstract

Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic disease considered as an emerging and re-emerging disease with a resulting threat of public health and animal health. Official reports document an animal incidence in Kazakhstan of about 0.6% per year, and the country still registers high number of human cases annually . The main objective of this paper was to evaluate the distribution and economic impact of brucellosis in Kazakhstan. We analysed human disease incidence data obtained from the Government Sanitary & Epidemiological Service with the aim to estimate the burden of disease in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). We also estimated the economic impact in terms of monetary losses. Additionally, we mapped the geographical distribution of the disease throughout Kazakhstan. In total, 1,334 human cases of brucellosis were registered in 2015 in Kazakhstan that resulted in 713 DALYs. Around US Dollar 21 million was spent on compensation for animals that had to be slaughtered due to brucellosis, and an additional US Dollar 24 million was spent on testing animals. Animal brucellosis and human brucellosis occur throughout the whole country, some trends of which are reviewed in this paper. We estimated the burden of the disease and explored possible explanation for high human incidence rates. This paper is the first to estimate the human burden of disease and the economic costs in Kazakhstan. Both of these are substantial.

Abstract

Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic disease considered as an emerging and re-emerging disease with a resulting threat of public health and animal health. Official reports document an animal incidence in Kazakhstan of about 0.6% per year, and the country still registers high number of human cases annually . The main objective of this paper was to evaluate the distribution and economic impact of brucellosis in Kazakhstan. We analysed human disease incidence data obtained from the Government Sanitary & Epidemiological Service with the aim to estimate the burden of disease in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). We also estimated the economic impact in terms of monetary losses. Additionally, we mapped the geographical distribution of the disease throughout Kazakhstan. In total, 1,334 human cases of brucellosis were registered in 2015 in Kazakhstan that resulted in 713 DALYs. Around US Dollar 21 million was spent on compensation for animals that had to be slaughtered due to brucellosis, and an additional US Dollar 24 million was spent on testing animals. Animal brucellosis and human brucellosis occur throughout the whole country, some trends of which are reviewed in this paper. We estimated the burden of the disease and explored possible explanation for high human incidence rates. This paper is the first to estimate the human burden of disease and the economic costs in Kazakhstan. Both of these are substantial.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 06 Jun 2019
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Chair in Veterinary Epidemiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, General Immunology and Microbiology, Epidemiology, General Veterinary, Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 10:52
Last Modified:16 Jul 2019 01:04
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1863-1959
Additional Information:For accepted manuscripts: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Charypkhan, D, Sultanov, AA, Ivanov, NP, Baramova, SA, Taitubayev, MK, Torgerson, PR. Economic and health burden of brucellosis in Kazakhstan. Zoonoses Public Health. 2019; 00: 1– 8, which is published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12582. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. (http://www.wileyauthors.com/self-archiving)
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12582
PubMed ID:31090193

Download

Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 14 May 2020
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Embargo till: 2020-05-14