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Memory shapes judgments: Tracing how memory biases judgments by inducing the retrieval of exemplars


Rosner, Agnes; von Helversen, Bettina (2019). Memory shapes judgments: Tracing how memory biases judgments by inducing the retrieval of exemplars. Cognition, 190:165-169.

Abstract

When making judgments (e.g., about the quality of job candidates) decision makers should ignore salient, but unrepresentative information (e.g., the person’s name). However, research suggests that salient information influences judgments, possibly because memories of past encounters with similar information are integrated into the judgment. We studied eye movements to trace the link between the retrieval of past instances and their influence on judgments. Participants were more likely to look at screen locations where exemplars matching items on a name attribute had appeared, suggesting the retrieval of exemplars. Eye movements to exemplar locations predicted judgments, explaining why names influenced judgments. The results provide insights into how exemplars are integrated into the judgment process when assessing memory retrieval online.

Abstract

When making judgments (e.g., about the quality of job candidates) decision makers should ignore salient, but unrepresentative information (e.g., the person’s name). However, research suggests that salient information influences judgments, possibly because memories of past encounters with similar information are integrated into the judgment. We studied eye movements to trace the link between the retrieval of past instances and their influence on judgments. Participants were more likely to look at screen locations where exemplars matching items on a name attribute had appeared, suggesting the retrieval of exemplars. Eye movements to exemplar locations predicted judgments, explaining why names influenced judgments. The results provide insights into how exemplars are integrated into the judgment process when assessing memory retrieval online.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Language and Linguistics
Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Linguistics and Language
Life Sciences > Cognitive Neuroscience
Uncontrolled Keywords:Linguistics and Language, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Language and Linguistics
Language:English
Date:1 September 2019
Deposited On:29 May 2019 14:08
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 10:46
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0010-0277
Additional Information:This paper is an accepted manuscript and not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. The final article is available at:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027719301283?dgcidSupplemental materials can be found at: https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0010027719301283-mmc1.pdf
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.05.004
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDPP00P1_157432
  • : Project TitleUnderstanding the Role of Memory in Judgments and Decisions: The Influence of Exemplars

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