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MAPK inhibition and growth hormone: a promising therapy in XLH


Abstract

X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) leads to growth retardation and bone deformities, which are not fully avoided by conventional treatment with phosphate and vitamin D analogs. Pediatric patients have been treated with growth hormone (GH), and recent findings suggest that blocking fibroblast growth factor 23 actions may be the most effective therapy, but its effects on growth are not known. We here report the effect of MAPK inhibition alone or associated with GH on growth and growth plate and bone structure of young Hyp (the XLH animal model) mice. Untreated Hyp mice were severely growth retarded and had marked alterations in both growth plate structure and dynamics as well as defective bone mineralization. GH accelerated growth and improved mineralization and the cortical bone, but it failed in normalizing growth plate and trabecular bone structures. MAPK inhibition improved growth and rickets and, notably, almost normalized the growth plate organization. The administration of a MAPK pathway inhibitor plus GH was the most beneficial treatment because of the positive synergistic effect on growth plate and bone structures. Thus, the growth-promoting effect of GH is likely linked to increased risk of bone deformities, whereas the association of GH and MAPK inhibition emerges as a promising new therapy for children with XLH.-Fuente, R., Gil-Peña, H., Claramunt-Taberner, D., Hernández-Frías, O., Fernández-Iglesias, Á., Alonso-Durán, L., Rodríguez-Rubio, E., Hermida-Prado, F., Anes-González, G., Rubio-Aliaga, I., Wagner, C., Santos, F. MAPK inhibition and growth hormone: a promising therapy in XLH.

Abstract

X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) leads to growth retardation and bone deformities, which are not fully avoided by conventional treatment with phosphate and vitamin D analogs. Pediatric patients have been treated with growth hormone (GH), and recent findings suggest that blocking fibroblast growth factor 23 actions may be the most effective therapy, but its effects on growth are not known. We here report the effect of MAPK inhibition alone or associated with GH on growth and growth plate and bone structure of young Hyp (the XLH animal model) mice. Untreated Hyp mice were severely growth retarded and had marked alterations in both growth plate structure and dynamics as well as defective bone mineralization. GH accelerated growth and improved mineralization and the cortical bone, but it failed in normalizing growth plate and trabecular bone structures. MAPK inhibition improved growth and rickets and, notably, almost normalized the growth plate organization. The administration of a MAPK pathway inhibitor plus GH was the most beneficial treatment because of the positive synergistic effect on growth plate and bone structures. Thus, the growth-promoting effect of GH is likely linked to increased risk of bone deformities, whereas the association of GH and MAPK inhibition emerges as a promising new therapy for children with XLH.-Fuente, R., Gil-Peña, H., Claramunt-Taberner, D., Hernández-Frías, O., Fernández-Iglesias, Á., Alonso-Durán, L., Rodríguez-Rubio, E., Hermida-Prado, F., Anes-González, G., Rubio-Aliaga, I., Wagner, C., Santos, F. MAPK inhibition and growth hormone: a promising therapy in XLH.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2019
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 12:37
Last Modified:28 Jun 2019 01:04
Publisher:Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology
ISSN:0892-6638
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.201802007R
PubMed ID:30974062

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