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Dose-Response Relationship Between External Load Variables, Body Composition, and Fitness Variables in Professional Soccer Players


Clemente, Filipe Manuel; Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Rosemann, Thomas; Knechtle, Beat (2019). Dose-Response Relationship Between External Load Variables, Body Composition, and Fitness Variables in Professional Soccer Players. Frontiers in Physiology, 10:443.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test associations between accumulated external load and changes in body composition, isokinetic strength, and aerobic capacity of soccer players. Twenty-three professional soccer players (age: 24.7 ± 2.8 years; height: 179.2 ± 6.3; experience: 9.7 ± 2.1 years) participated in this study. This pre-post study design was performed during 10 weeks from July to August of 2017 (4 weeks of pre-season and 6 weeks during the early season). Players were monitored daily by GPS technology and were assessed before and after a 10-week period in terms of body mass (BM), fat mass, lean mass, isokinetic strength at 60°/s, VO, and HR. Large-to-very large positive correlations were found between the sum of sprinting distance and % differences of BM [0.70, (-0.09;0.95)], HR [0.51, (-0.37;0.91)], agonist (quadriceps)/antagonist (hamstrings) left ratio [0.84, (0.27;0.97)] and agonist/antagonist right ratio [0.92, (0.58;0.99)]. Large positive correlations were found between the acceleration sum and % differences of VO [0.58, (-0.29;0.92)], quadriceps left peak torque [0.66, (-0.16;0.94)], hamstrings left peak torque [0.68, (-0.13;0.94)] and hamstrings right peak torque [0.62, (-0.22;0.93)]. Sprinting load was largely and positively associated with changes in knee strength asymmetries. Acceleration sum was largely and positively correlated with variations at VO and peak torques at hamstrings. In addition, dose-response relationships using external load variables were identified in professional soccer players.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test associations between accumulated external load and changes in body composition, isokinetic strength, and aerobic capacity of soccer players. Twenty-three professional soccer players (age: 24.7 ± 2.8 years; height: 179.2 ± 6.3; experience: 9.7 ± 2.1 years) participated in this study. This pre-post study design was performed during 10 weeks from July to August of 2017 (4 weeks of pre-season and 6 weeks during the early season). Players were monitored daily by GPS technology and were assessed before and after a 10-week period in terms of body mass (BM), fat mass, lean mass, isokinetic strength at 60°/s, VO, and HR. Large-to-very large positive correlations were found between the sum of sprinting distance and % differences of BM [0.70, (-0.09;0.95)], HR [0.51, (-0.37;0.91)], agonist (quadriceps)/antagonist (hamstrings) left ratio [0.84, (0.27;0.97)] and agonist/antagonist right ratio [0.92, (0.58;0.99)]. Large positive correlations were found between the acceleration sum and % differences of VO [0.58, (-0.29;0.92)], quadriceps left peak torque [0.66, (-0.16;0.94)], hamstrings left peak torque [0.68, (-0.13;0.94)] and hamstrings right peak torque [0.62, (-0.22;0.93)]. Sprinting load was largely and positively associated with changes in knee strength asymmetries. Acceleration sum was largely and positively correlated with variations at VO and peak torques at hamstrings. In addition, dose-response relationships using external load variables were identified in professional soccer players.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 15:10
Last Modified:01 Jul 2019 12:34
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-042X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00443
PubMed ID:31057425

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