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Force-velocity characteristics and maximal anaerobic power in male recreational marathon runners


Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Knechtle, Beat (2020). Force-velocity characteristics and maximal anaerobic power in male recreational marathon runners. Research in Sports Medicine, 28(1):99-110.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of force-velocity (F-v) characteristics with age and race time in marathon runners. One hundred thirty-five male marathon runners (age 44.2 ± 8.8 years, height 176 ± 6 cm, body mass 24.7 ± 2.6 kg.m and personal record 4:02 ± 0:45 h:min), separated into eight age groups (<30, 30-35, ., 55-60, >60 years), performed an F-v test on a cycle ergometer consisted of four 7s sprints. The older age groups had the lowest scores in maximal pedalling velocity (v; p < 0.001, η = 0.244), relative (rPmax; p = 0.001, η = 0.176) and absolute maximal power (Pmax; p = 0.009, η = 0.135), whereas no difference in maximal force (F; p = 0.558, η = 0.044) was shown. Race time correlated moderately with F (r = 0.31, p < 0.001) and Pmax (r = 0.30, p = 0.001). The small magnitude of age-related differences in anaerobic power among most age groups indicated that humans without muscle strength/power training might maintain anaerobic power indices till their sixties.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of force-velocity (F-v) characteristics with age and race time in marathon runners. One hundred thirty-five male marathon runners (age 44.2 ± 8.8 years, height 176 ± 6 cm, body mass 24.7 ± 2.6 kg.m and personal record 4:02 ± 0:45 h:min), separated into eight age groups (<30, 30-35, ., 55-60, >60 years), performed an F-v test on a cycle ergometer consisted of four 7s sprints. The older age groups had the lowest scores in maximal pedalling velocity (v; p < 0.001, η = 0.244), relative (rPmax; p = 0.001, η = 0.176) and absolute maximal power (Pmax; p = 0.009, η = 0.135), whereas no difference in maximal force (F; p = 0.558, η = 0.044) was shown. Race time correlated moderately with F (r = 0.31, p < 0.001) and Pmax (r = 0.30, p = 0.001). The small magnitude of age-related differences in anaerobic power among most age groups indicated that humans without muscle strength/power training might maintain anaerobic power indices till their sixties.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Health Sciences > Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
Language:English
Date:2 January 2020
Deposited On:12 Jun 2019 14:41
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 10:49
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1543-8627
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Research in Sports Medicine on [2019], available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15438627.2019.1608993
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2019.1608993
PubMed ID:31030556

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