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Between erudition and faith. Jean-Jacques Chifflet’s tract on the shroud of Besançon (1624)


von Wyss-Giacosa, Paola (2019). Between erudition and faith. Jean-Jacques Chifflet’s tract on the shroud of Besançon (1624). Journal for Religion, Film and Media, 5(1):47-68.

Abstract

The shroud of Besançon, a large cloth considered a precious relic as an “imprint” left by Christ’s body on his burial linen, experienced a period of intense veneration and public debate from the early 16th century to the end of the 18th century. With the publication of 'De linteis sepulchralibus Christi servatoris crisis historica' (Antwerp, 1624), a treatise that was as erudite as it was intellectually and conceptually biased, the Besançon author Jean-Jacques Chifflet significantly contributed to perceptions of his local shroud and its reception. A noteworthy selection of visual material that included the very first reproduction of the shroud of Besançon in a print medium was an important part of the book’s argument. This article offers a close reading of sections of Chifflet’s treatise, with particular attention given to the author’s targeted use of engravings as 'illustrationes' (images meant, quite literally, to illuminate the text, its meaning and intention), and thus explores the representation of a local relic as a part and product of a cultural practice and of shared notions.

Abstract

The shroud of Besançon, a large cloth considered a precious relic as an “imprint” left by Christ’s body on his burial linen, experienced a period of intense veneration and public debate from the early 16th century to the end of the 18th century. With the publication of 'De linteis sepulchralibus Christi servatoris crisis historica' (Antwerp, 1624), a treatise that was as erudite as it was intellectually and conceptually biased, the Besançon author Jean-Jacques Chifflet significantly contributed to perceptions of his local shroud and its reception. A noteworthy selection of visual material that included the very first reproduction of the shroud of Besançon in a print medium was an important part of the book’s argument. This article offers a close reading of sections of Chifflet’s treatise, with particular attention given to the author’s targeted use of engravings as 'illustrationes' (images meant, quite literally, to illuminate the text, its meaning and intention), and thus explores the representation of a local relic as a part and product of a cultural practice and of shared notions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Social Anthropology and Cultural Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:210 Philosophy & theory of religion
270 History of Christianity
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
390 Customs, etiquette & folklore
760 Graphic arts
Uncontrolled Keywords:Jean-Jacques Chifflet, Shroud of Besançon, Book Illustration, Catholic Relic, Bernard Picart, Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde
Language:English
Date:14 May 2019
Deposited On:05 Jul 2019 11:53
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:36
Publisher:Schüren
ISSN:2414-0201
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.25364/05.4:2019.1.4
Official URL:https://jrfm.eu/
Related URLs:http://unipub.uni-graz.at/jrfm/periodical/titleinfo/3569956 (Organisation)

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