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Nasal septum defects detected on postmortem computed tomography


Chatzaraki, Vasiliki; Schweitzer, Wolf; Thali, Michael J; Ampanozi, Garyfalia (2019). Nasal septum defects detected on postmortem computed tomography. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 40(3):279-284.

Abstract

Nasal septum defects may have forensic relevance because they are associated with various mechanisms, including trauma and cocaine abuse. Like all human body tissues, the nasal septum may be affected by maggots' infestation during postmortem decomposition. Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) can reveal small findings and related details. Three cases of early postmortem period and 2 cases of advanced decomposition, where external examination of the nasal cavities and PMCT revealed nasal septum defect, are presented. In the early postmortem period cases, the lesions' edges appeared smoother on PMCT, whereas in the advanced decomposed cases, the edges were irregular and maggots were infested. Postmortem computed tomography can detect nasal septum defects and may help differentiate the preexisting from the postmortem ones based on their edges' radiological appearance. Such findings may indicate possible chronic cocaine abuse (cocaine nose), trauma, or other nasal pathology. It is important to note that such defects may be altered or caused by advanced decomposition.

Abstract

Nasal septum defects may have forensic relevance because they are associated with various mechanisms, including trauma and cocaine abuse. Like all human body tissues, the nasal septum may be affected by maggots' infestation during postmortem decomposition. Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) can reveal small findings and related details. Three cases of early postmortem period and 2 cases of advanced decomposition, where external examination of the nasal cavities and PMCT revealed nasal septum defect, are presented. In the early postmortem period cases, the lesions' edges appeared smoother on PMCT, whereas in the advanced decomposed cases, the edges were irregular and maggots were infested. Postmortem computed tomography can detect nasal septum defects and may help differentiate the preexisting from the postmortem ones based on their edges' radiological appearance. Such findings may indicate possible chronic cocaine abuse (cocaine nose), trauma, or other nasal pathology. It is important to note that such defects may be altered or caused by advanced decomposition.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Legal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:340 Law
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 September 2019
Deposited On:03 Jul 2019 06:38
Last Modified:10 Aug 2019 01:03
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0195-7910
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/paf.0000000000000482
PubMed ID:30985333

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Embargo till: 2020-04-01