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Räumliche Unterschiede in der Prävalenz von Rinderkrankheiten in einer Nutztierpraxis


Hässig, Michael; Depka, D; Boo, G; Fabrikant, S I; Torgerson, Paul R (2019). Räumliche Unterschiede in der Prävalenz von Rinderkrankheiten in einer Nutztierpraxis. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(2):85-92.

Abstract

In the present study, the incidence of diseases in cattle in the area of a veterinary practice was analyzed spatially. Furthermore, the relationship between the incidence of diseases and the distance to geographical elements was investigated. For this study, all cattle farms that were customers of the ambulatory clinic of the animal hospital in Zurich (Tierspital Zürich) were exactly localized on a map. From clinical and treatment data program (Oblon Data®) all services and drugs between January 1st 2013 and December 31st 2013 were evaluated and added as attributes to the according farm. Along with the data of the animals kept on the respective farm, the relationship between prevalences and geographical elements was analyzed. Using these data, it was possible to define fifteen diseases of which incidences were spatially analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS). The results indicate that also on the level of a veterinary practice there are spatial differences in the incidence of diseases to find. However, the majority of diseases occur mainly in regions where the density of animals is also very high. As in earlier findings, this suggests that the size, the management and the proximity of a farm to the next farm (density) have a strong impact. A connection could be found between the distance to the geographical elements street, water and forest and the incidences of gastrointestinal parasitosis, claw disorders, reproduction disorders and cryptosporidiosis.

Abstract

In the present study, the incidence of diseases in cattle in the area of a veterinary practice was analyzed spatially. Furthermore, the relationship between the incidence of diseases and the distance to geographical elements was investigated. For this study, all cattle farms that were customers of the ambulatory clinic of the animal hospital in Zurich (Tierspital Zürich) were exactly localized on a map. From clinical and treatment data program (Oblon Data®) all services and drugs between January 1st 2013 and December 31st 2013 were evaluated and added as attributes to the according farm. Along with the data of the animals kept on the respective farm, the relationship between prevalences and geographical elements was analyzed. Using these data, it was possible to define fifteen diseases of which incidences were spatially analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS). The results indicate that also on the level of a veterinary practice there are spatial differences in the incidence of diseases to find. However, the majority of diseases occur mainly in regions where the density of animals is also very high. As in earlier findings, this suggests that the size, the management and the proximity of a farm to the next farm (density) have a strong impact. A connection could be found between the distance to the geographical elements street, water and forest and the incidences of gastrointestinal parasitosis, claw disorders, reproduction disorders and cryptosporidiosis.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Differences by geographical information system in prevalence of disease in a farm animal practise
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Chair in Veterinary Epidemiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bovino; Prävalenz; Rind; bovin; bovine; geographical information system; geographisches Informationssystem; prevalence; prevalenza; prévalence; sistema d’informazione geografica; système d’information ­géographique
Language:German
Date:5 February 2019
Deposited On:26 Jun 2019 10:09
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:36
Publisher:Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte
ISSN:0036-7281
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17236/sat00195
PubMed ID:30696611

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