Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

TET1 is an important transcriptional activator of TNFα expression in macrophages


Sun, Fangfang; Abreu-Rodriguez, Irene; Ye, Shuang; Gay, Steffen; Distler, Oliver; Neidhart, Michel; Karouzakis, Emmanuel (2019). TET1 is an important transcriptional activator of TNFα expression in macrophages. PLoS ONE, 14(6):e0218551.

Abstract

Activation of macrophages and overexpression of TNFα is associated with the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanisms leading to TNFα overexpression are still unknown. 5-methylocytosine (5-mC) is an epigenetic modification that is associated with silenced genes. Recent studies showed that it is converted to 5-hydroxylmethylocytosine (5-hmC) and reactivates gene expression through the action of the family of Ten-Eleven-Translocation (TET1-3) enzymes. In this study, we show that 5-hmC levels are increased globally and specifically in the TNFα promoter during the differentiation of monocytes to macrophages. In addition, the levels of 5-hmC are increased upon LPS stimulation of macrophages. Furthermore, CRIPSR stable knockout of TET1 decreases the expression of TNFα and other pro-inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, we showed that TET1 contributes to the activation of macrophages possibly through regulation of 5-hydroxymethylation in the promoter of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes. The TET1 enzyme could be a promising therapeutic target to inhibit the persistent inflammation caused by macrophages in chronic inflammatory diseases.

Abstract

Activation of macrophages and overexpression of TNFα is associated with the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanisms leading to TNFα overexpression are still unknown. 5-methylocytosine (5-mC) is an epigenetic modification that is associated with silenced genes. Recent studies showed that it is converted to 5-hydroxylmethylocytosine (5-hmC) and reactivates gene expression through the action of the family of Ten-Eleven-Translocation (TET1-3) enzymes. In this study, we show that 5-hmC levels are increased globally and specifically in the TNFα promoter during the differentiation of monocytes to macrophages. In addition, the levels of 5-hmC are increased upon LPS stimulation of macrophages. Furthermore, CRIPSR stable knockout of TET1 decreases the expression of TNFα and other pro-inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, we showed that TET1 contributes to the activation of macrophages possibly through regulation of 5-hydroxymethylation in the promoter of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes. The TET1 enzyme could be a promising therapeutic target to inhibit the persistent inflammation caused by macrophages in chronic inflammatory diseases.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

28 downloads since deposited on 26 Jun 2019
28 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:26 Jun 2019 15:16
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:36
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218551
PubMed ID:31216336

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'TET1 is an important transcriptional activator of TNFα expression in macrophages'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 2MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)