The problems related to burns treatment can be considered among the oldest and most passionating in history of medicine. Since the early forties amazing progresses have been done in the comprehension of the physiopathology of burns. The fast development of resuscitating techniques determined a remarkable reduction of mortality in the first phase; in a similar way through new concepts in the project and construction of intensive care facilities dedicated to burns, where patients can be isolated and a high standard of environmental control can be guaranteed, together with new topical and systemic antibacterial treatment protocols, a significant reduction of infectious complications has been achieved. Concerning surgical treatment early tangential excision and cultured epidermal grafts can be considered the cornerstones of burn therapy. Quality of life of burnt patients have been greatly ameliorated by these technical advances. Burn sequelae however remain the main concern of survivors because of the many controversial aspects of burn scar physiopathology and treatment. Along my career many endeavours I dedicated in this important research field. I will then report the results of most interesting clinical and experimental studies carried out in the last 30 years by our group in collaboration with basic researchers. All the work done in this domain enhance our hope that good results can really improve quality of life in burns: this is the goal for those who dedicated the whole life to relieve the suffering of these badly injured patients.