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Gender and competition in adolescence : task matters


Dreber, Anna; von Essen, Emma; Ranehill, Eva (2014). Gender and competition in adolescence : task matters. Experimental Economics, 17(1):154-172.

Abstract

We look at gender differences among adolescents in Sweden in preferences for competition, altruism and risk. For competitiveness, we explore two different tasks that differ in associated stereotypes. We find no gender difference in competitiveness when comparing performance under competition to that without competition. We further find that boys and girls are equally likely to self-select into competition in a verbal task, but that boys are significantly more likely to choose to compete in a mathematical task. This gender gap diminishes and becomes non-significant when we control for actual performance, beliefs about relative performance, and risk preferences, or for beliefs only. Girls are also more altruistic and less risk taking than boys.

Abstract

We look at gender differences among adolescents in Sweden in preferences for competition, altruism and risk. For competitiveness, we explore two different tasks that differ in associated stereotypes. We find no gender difference in competitiveness when comparing performance under competition to that without competition. We further find that boys and girls are equally likely to self-select into competition in a verbal task, but that boys are significantly more likely to choose to compete in a mathematical task. This gender gap diminishes and becomes non-significant when we control for actual performance, beliefs about relative performance, and risk preferences, or for beliefs only. Girls are also more altruistic and less risk taking than boys.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:1 March 2014
Deposited On:23 Jul 2019 14:49
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 03:29
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1386-4157
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10683-013-9361-0
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s1068301393610 (Library Catalogue)

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