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Dentin hypersensitivity monitored by cold air quantitative sensory testing


Brönnimann, Ben V E; Hou, Mei-Yin; Zembic, Anja; Parkinson, Charles X; Meier, Michael L; Ettlin, Dominik A (2019). Dentin hypersensitivity monitored by cold air quantitative sensory testing. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 46(6):549-555.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Quantification of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is challenging and requires standardised, graded stimulation by natural-like stimuli.

OBJECTIVE

The present study aimed at identifying DH subjects and longitudinally monitoring their pain thresholds by cold air quantitative sensory testing (QST).

METHODS

Subject recruitment started with an online DH questionnaire. Respondents were screened by dental air stimulation. Sensitising and habituating subjects were excluded. A recently developed stimulation device was employed for cold air QST. Single tooth DH was verified by applying an equi-intense stimulus to a control tooth. Descriptive statistics were applied for subject characteristics. Mean values were calculated for the stimulation parameters temperature and air flow. Reliability of temperatures for detecting pain and for evoking moderate pain over multiple time points within a 3-week period was analysed by two-way random single- and average-measure intra-class correlation coefficients.

RESULTS

A total of 353 persons completed the online DH questionnaire of which 117 were screened. Forty-four passed the screening, yet 15 were excluded for various reasons. Twenty-nine subjects were monitored by QST across 3 weeks. Results revealed a high intra-individual stability of the temperature inducing moderate to strong pain intensity (MPI) (single-measure ICC of T 0.83, P < 0.001). Mean T was -13.69°C, yet it highly varied among the 29 subjects (SD ± 10.04°C).

CONCLUSIONS

Using a novel approach, namely dental QST based on cold air stimuli, we present evidence for temporally stable DH perceptions over a 3-week period. The method fulfils international guideline requirements and is recommendable for obtaining valid results when testing various interventions for DH management.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Quantification of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is challenging and requires standardised, graded stimulation by natural-like stimuli.

OBJECTIVE

The present study aimed at identifying DH subjects and longitudinally monitoring their pain thresholds by cold air quantitative sensory testing (QST).

METHODS

Subject recruitment started with an online DH questionnaire. Respondents were screened by dental air stimulation. Sensitising and habituating subjects were excluded. A recently developed stimulation device was employed for cold air QST. Single tooth DH was verified by applying an equi-intense stimulus to a control tooth. Descriptive statistics were applied for subject characteristics. Mean values were calculated for the stimulation parameters temperature and air flow. Reliability of temperatures for detecting pain and for evoking moderate pain over multiple time points within a 3-week period was analysed by two-way random single- and average-measure intra-class correlation coefficients.

RESULTS

A total of 353 persons completed the online DH questionnaire of which 117 were screened. Forty-four passed the screening, yet 15 were excluded for various reasons. Twenty-nine subjects were monitored by QST across 3 weeks. Results revealed a high intra-individual stability of the temperature inducing moderate to strong pain intensity (MPI) (single-measure ICC of T 0.83, P < 0.001). Mean T was -13.69°C, yet it highly varied among the 29 subjects (SD ± 10.04°C).

CONCLUSIONS

Using a novel approach, namely dental QST based on cold air stimuli, we present evidence for temporally stable DH perceptions over a 3-week period. The method fulfils international guideline requirements and is recommendable for obtaining valid results when testing various interventions for DH management.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2019
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 12:25
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:39
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0305-182X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12781
PubMed ID:30802997

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