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Human RIF1-Protein Phosphatase 1 Prevents Degradation and Breakage of Nascent DNA on Replication Stalling


Garzón, Javier; Ursich, Sebastian; Lopes, Massimo; Hiraga, Shin-Ichiro; Donaldson, Anne D (2019). Human RIF1-Protein Phosphatase 1 Prevents Degradation and Breakage of Nascent DNA on Replication Stalling. Cell Reports, 27(9):2558-2566.e4.

Abstract

RIF1 is a multifunctional protein implicated in controlling DNA replication and repair. Here, we show that human RIF1 protects nascent DNA from over-degradation at stalled replication forks. The major nuclease resecting nascent DNA in the absence of RIF1 is DNA2, operating with WRN as an accessory helicase. We show that RIF1 acts with protein phosphatase 1 to prevent over-degradation and that RIF1 limits phosphorylation of WRN at sites implicated in resection control. Protection by RIF1 against inappropriate degradation prevents accumulation of DNA breakage. Our observations uncover a crucial function of human RIF1 in preventing genome instability by protecting forks from unscheduled DNA2-WRN-mediated degradation.

Abstract

RIF1 is a multifunctional protein implicated in controlling DNA replication and repair. Here, we show that human RIF1 protects nascent DNA from over-degradation at stalled replication forks. The major nuclease resecting nascent DNA in the absence of RIF1 is DNA2, operating with WRN as an accessory helicase. We show that RIF1 acts with protein phosphatase 1 to prevent over-degradation and that RIF1 limits phosphorylation of WRN at sites implicated in resection control. Protection by RIF1 against inappropriate degradation prevents accumulation of DNA breakage. Our observations uncover a crucial function of human RIF1 in preventing genome instability by protecting forks from unscheduled DNA2-WRN-mediated degradation.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:28 May 2019
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 12:27
Last Modified:01 Aug 2019 12:57
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2211-1247
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.05.002
PubMed ID:31141682

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