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Quantification of intrathoracic fat adds prognostic value in women undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging


Abstract

AIM

Amongst patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), women experience relatively worse outcomes as compared to men. Evidence to date has failed to explore unique female imaging targets as major determinants of cardiovascular risk. We sought to assess the prognostic value of epicardial (EFV) and intrathoracic fat volume (IFV) quantification in women and men with suspected and known CAD.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Intrathoracic fat volume and EFV were calculated from non-contrast CT and analyzed in a propensity-matched cohort of 190 patients (95 women, mean age 62.5 ± 11.3 years) undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for evaluation of CAD. IFV and EFV were significantly lower in women as compared to men (198.2 ± 78.4 vs 293.2 ± 114.7 cm and 105.6 ± 48.9 vs 135.8 ± 60.9 cm, p < 0.001) and showed a strong association with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and obstructive CAD in women (p < 0.05), but not in men. Fat volumes were not related to abnormal MPI in either population (p = NS). During a median follow-up of 2.8 years, high IFV was associated with reduced event free survival (log rank = 0.019 vs low IFV) in women, but not in men. Accordingly, a multivariate Cox regression model adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors, CACS, CCTA, and MPI findings selected IFV as a significant predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in women (HR 1.32, 95%CI 1.18-1.55, p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION

Quantification of IFV provides incremental prognostic value for MACE in women, beyond that provided by traditional risk factors and imaging findings.

Abstract

AIM

Amongst patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), women experience relatively worse outcomes as compared to men. Evidence to date has failed to explore unique female imaging targets as major determinants of cardiovascular risk. We sought to assess the prognostic value of epicardial (EFV) and intrathoracic fat volume (IFV) quantification in women and men with suspected and known CAD.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Intrathoracic fat volume and EFV were calculated from non-contrast CT and analyzed in a propensity-matched cohort of 190 patients (95 women, mean age 62.5 ± 11.3 years) undergoing myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for evaluation of CAD. IFV and EFV were significantly lower in women as compared to men (198.2 ± 78.4 vs 293.2 ± 114.7 cm and 105.6 ± 48.9 vs 135.8 ± 60.9 cm, p < 0.001) and showed a strong association with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and obstructive CAD in women (p < 0.05), but not in men. Fat volumes were not related to abnormal MPI in either population (p = NS). During a median follow-up of 2.8 years, high IFV was associated with reduced event free survival (log rank = 0.019 vs low IFV) in women, but not in men. Accordingly, a multivariate Cox regression model adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors, CACS, CCTA, and MPI findings selected IFV as a significant predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in women (HR 1.32, 95%CI 1.18-1.55, p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION

Quantification of IFV provides incremental prognostic value for MACE in women, beyond that provided by traditional risk factors and imaging findings.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Molecular Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 2019
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 13:25
Last Modified:01 Oct 2019 11:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-5273
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.092
PubMed ID:31178224

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